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Solutions for Chapter 8.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
A compound that can speed up the rate of a reaction without itself being consumed by the reaction.
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).
The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.