- 10.1SE.1PE: Torricelli’s BarometerTorricelli used mercury in his barometer beca...
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Solutions for Chapter 10.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar molecule that possesses a permanent dipole moment. (Section 11.2)
A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)
For a peptide chain,the end that contains the amino group.
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.
A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.
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