- 10.1SE.1PE: Torricelli’s BarometerTorricelli used mercury in his barometer beca...
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Solutions for Chapter 10.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)
A class of colored compounds that are formed via azo coupling.
A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).
A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)
A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.
A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.
The ability to do work.
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two
A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.