- 10.3SE.1PE: Evaluating the Effects of Changes in P. V. n. and T on a GasSuppose...
- 10.3SE.2PE: Evaluating the Effects of Changes in P. V. n. and T on a GasSuppose...
Solutions for Chapter 10.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An !OR group where R is an alkyl group
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) that participate in a reaction.
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an S confi guration
Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.