- 10.5SE.1PE: Calculating the Effect of Temperature Changes on PressureThe gas pr...
- 10.5SE.2PE: Calculating the Effect of Temperature Changes on PressureThe gas pr...
Solutions for Chapter 10.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)
A molecule containing an !OH and an !OR or !OAr group bonded to the same carbon
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.
law of mass action
The rules by which the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of the concentrations of reactants and products, in accordance with the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (Section 15.2)
A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
oxidizing agent, or oxidant
The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
Tertiary structure of proteins
The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.