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Solutions for Chapter 10.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.
A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
A law stating that at constant temperature, the product of the volume and pressure of a given amount of gas is a constant. (Section 10.3)
colloids (colloidal dispersions)
Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
Le Châtelier’s principle
A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.