- 10.12SE.1PE: Applying the Kinetic-Molecular TheoryA sample of O2 gas initially a...
- 10.12SE.2PE: Applying the Kinetic-Molecular TheoryA sample of O2 gas initially a...
Solutions for Chapter 10.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
addition to p bond
One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.
Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.
An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.
A chemical reaction that proceeds with evolution of heat and usually also a flame; most combustion involves reaction with oxygen, as in the burning of a match. (Section 3.2)
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
heat of sublimation
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
loss of a leaving group
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)
The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Group 1A–7A elements react to achieve an outer shell of eight valence electrons.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
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