- 10.12SE.1PE: Applying the Kinetic-Molecular TheoryA sample of O2 gas initially a...
- 10.12SE.2PE: Applying the Kinetic-Molecular TheoryA sample of O2 gas initially a...
Solutions for Chapter 10.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
Compounds formed from just two elements. (2.7)
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)
A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)
A form of spectroscopy that involves the study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and the nuclei of atoms.
Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
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