- 14.2SE.1PE: Calculating an Instantaneous Rate of ReactionUsing Figure, calculat...
- 14.2SE.2PE: Calculating an Instantaneous Rate of ReactionUsing Figure, calculat...
Solutions for Chapter 14.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
See beta rays.
Bond dissociation enthalpy
The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B
A step in a chain reaction that involves destruction of reactive intermediates
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
A curved arrow with only one barb, indicating the motion of just one electron (also see Sect. 11.1).
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
The unit in which frequency is measured: s 21 (read “per second”).
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms