- 14.4SE.1PE: Relating a Rate Law to the Effect of Concentration on RateConsider ...
- 14.4SE.2PE: Relating a Rate Law to the Effect of Concentration on RateConsider ...
Solutions for Chapter 14.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acetoacetic ester synthesis
A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.
Valence electrons involved in forming a covalent bond (i.e., shared electrons).
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement in which all six atoms of the cyclic transition state are carbon atoms.
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).
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