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Solutions for Chapter 14.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 14.4SE

Solutions for Chapter 14.4SE
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 14.4SE have been answered, more than 67410 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Chapter 14.4SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acetoacetic ester synthesis

    A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.

  • Bonding electrons

    Valence electrons involved in forming a covalent bond (i.e., shared electrons).

  • conjugate acid-base pair.

    An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)

  • Cope rearrangement

    A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement in which all six atoms of the cyclic transition state are carbon atoms.

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • Dienophile

    A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)

    The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)

  • meso compound

    A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.

  • Newman projection

    A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond

  • nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)

    Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)

  • phase change

    The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)

  • polypeptide

    A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)

  • primary

    A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • reduction

    A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • spectator ions

    Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)

  • Synstereoselective

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).

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