- 14.5SE.1PE: Determining Reaction Orders and Units for Rate Constants(a) What ar...
- 14.5SE.2PE: Determining Reaction Orders and Units for Rate Constants(a) What ar...
Solutions for Chapter 14.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.
alpha (a) rays.
Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
A measure of the force of an atom’s attraction for electrons
A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)
A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.
A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
Reactions in which one group is replaced by another group.
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