- 14.7SE.1PE: Using the Integrated First-Order Rate LawThe decomposition of a cer...
- 14.7SE.2PE: Using the Integrated First-Order Rate LawThe decomposition of a cer...
Solutions for Chapter 14.7SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group
A law stating that at constant temperature, the product of the volume and pressure of a given amount of gas is a constant. (Section 10.3)
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
C-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.
A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.
Group 1A–7A elements react to achieve an outer shell of eight valence electrons.
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)
A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
tertiary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.
The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.
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