- 14.9SE.1PE: Determining the Half-Life of a First-Order ReactionThe reaction of ...
- 14.9SE.2PE: Determining the Half-Life of a First-Order ReactionThe reaction of ...
Solutions for Chapter 14.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.
The rules used in naming substances. (Section 2.8)
A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)
A polymer containing two or more different monomers. (25.2)
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero
The observation that second-row elements (C, N, O, and F) will form the necessary number of bonds so as to achieve a full valence shell (eight electrons).
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids