- 14.9SE.1PE: Determining the Half-Life of a First-Order ReactionThe reaction of ...
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Solutions for Chapter 14.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!
A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
Index of hydrogen defi ciency
The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.
rare earth element
See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.
The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.