- 15.12SE.1PE: Using Le Chatelier's Principle to Predict Shifts in EquilibriumCons...
- 15.12SE.2PE: For the reactionPCl5(g) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) + = 87.9 kJIn which direct...
Solutions for Chapter 15.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
The mass of an atom in atomic mass units. (3.1)
An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.
Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.
Two liquids that can be mixed with each other in any proportion.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
A carbohydrate containing a large number of monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by one or more glycosidic bonds.
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
standard atmospheric pressure
Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.