- 16.2SE.1PE: Writing Equations for Proton-Transfer ReactionsThe hydrogen sulfite...
- 16.2SE.2PE: Writing Equations for Proton-Transfer ReactionsThe hydrogen sulfite...
Solutions for Chapter 16.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which are not arranged in a pattern (they have random configurations).
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
Gibbs free energy
A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)
A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)
A CH2 group.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)
Pi (p) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms
A step-by-step description of how a chemical reaction occurs.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
A sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)
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