- 16.5SE.1PE: Calculating [H+] from [OH-]Calculate the concentration of H+(aq) in...
- 16.5SE.2PE: Calculating [H+] from [OH-]Calculate the concentration of H+(aq) in...
Solutions for Chapter 16.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)
The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)
A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
The combination of atomic orbitals of different types
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
malonic ester synthesis
Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.