- 16.5SE.1PE: Calculating [H+] from [OH-]Calculate the concentration of H+(aq) in...
- 16.5SE.2PE: Calculating [H+] from [OH-]Calculate the concentration of H+(aq) in...
Solutions for Chapter 16.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.
bonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.
A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)
A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
gas constant (R)
The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
An OH group.
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
The group that is displaced in a substitution reaction or the Lewis base that is lost in an elimination reaction
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
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