- 16.8SE.1PE: Calculating the pH of a Strong AcidWhat is the pH of a 0.040 M solu...
- 16.8SE.2PE: Calculating the pH of a Strong AcidWhat is the pH of a 0.040 M solu...
Solutions for Chapter 16.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)
A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)
A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.
In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.