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Solutions for Chapter 16.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 16.8SE

Solutions for Chapter 16.8SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 16.8SE have been answered, more than 244919 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 16.8SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • cumulated diene

    A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • electrolyte

    A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)

  • extensive property

    A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • ionic bond

    A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • ketose

    A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.

  • molecular orbital (MO)

    An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

    A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

  • wavenumber

    In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.

  • Wohl degradation

    A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.

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