- 16.16SE.1PE: Using pH to Determine the Concentration of a SaltA solution made by...
- 16.16SE.2PE: Using pH to Determine the Concentration of a SaltA solution made by...
Solutions for Chapter 16.16SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.
acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)
An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
boiling-point elevation (DTb).
The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)
A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.
A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
loss of a leaving group
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)
The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.
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