- 17.5SE.1PE: Preparing a BufferHow many moles of NH4CI must be added to 2.0 L of...
- 17.5SE.2PE: Preparing a BufferHow many moles of NH4CI must be added to 2.0 L of...
Solutions for Chapter 17.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
An elementary reaction that involves two molecules. (Section 14.6)
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)
An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system
A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)
The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.
Groups that weakly deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby decreasing the rate of the reaction.