- 17.5SE.1PE: Preparing a BufferHow many moles of NH4CI must be added to 2.0 L of...
- 17.5SE.2PE: Preparing a BufferHow many moles of NH4CI must be added to 2.0 L of...
Solutions for Chapter 17.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair acceptor.
A method for building a peptide from protected building blocks.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule
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