- 17.6SE.1PE: Calculating pH Changes in BuffersA buffer is made by adding 0.300 m...
- 17.6SE.2PE: Calculating pH Changes in BuffersA buffer is made by adding 0.300 m...
Solutions for Chapter 17.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
An !OH group
isoelectric point (pI)
For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
net ionic equation
A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)
During the polymerization process, compounds constructed from just a few monomers.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule