- 17.6SE.1PE: Calculating pH Changes in BuffersA buffer is made by adding 0.300 m...
- 17.6SE.2PE: Calculating pH Changes in BuffersA buffer is made by adding 0.300 m...
Solutions for Chapter 17.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
A positively charged, bridged intermediate formed during the addition reaction that occurs when an alkene is treated with molecular bromine (Br2).
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
degree of substitution
For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
Haloalkene (vinylic halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
The attractive forces between molecules.
An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
sigma 1S2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)
Polymers that are formed under conditions in which the individual monomers react with each other to form oligomers, which are then joined together to form polymers.