- 19.1SE.1PE: Identifying Spontaneous ProcessesPredict whether each process is sp...
- 19.1SE.2PE: Identifying Spontaneous ProcessesPredict whether each process is sp...
Solutions for Chapter 19.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.
The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.
The electrode at which oxidation occurs. (18.2)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
Compounds or ions that are not superimposable with their mirror images. (23.4)
A substance composed of atoms of two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. (1.4)
continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer
An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)
A monosaccharide containing a ketone group.
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system
A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.