- 19.3SE.1PE: Predicting the Sign of SPredict whether S is positive or negative f...
- 19.3SE.2PE: Predicting the Sign of SPredict whether S is positive or negative f...
Solutions for Chapter 19.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constant-volume conditions. (Section 5.5)
bonding atomic radius
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)
A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
A solution that obeys Raoult’s law. (Section 13.5)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.
Pauli exclusion principle
No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired
A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.
Textbook Survival Guides
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Forgot password? Reset it here