- 19.3SE.1PE: Predicting the Sign of SPredict whether S is positive or negative f...
- 19.3SE.2PE: Predicting the Sign of SPredict whether S is positive or negative f...
Solutions for Chapter 19.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
A measure of the exchange of energy between the system and its surroundings during any process.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)
The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)