- 19.7SE.1PE: Calculating Standard Free-Energy Change from Free Energies of Forma...
- 19.7SE.2PE: Calculating Standard Free-Energy Change from Free Energies of Forma...
Solutions for Chapter 19.7SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)
A bond in which two electrons are shared by two atoms. (9.4)
In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.
An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)
first law of thermodynamics
A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
Different compounds with the same molecular formula.
The study ofthe interaction between matter and an energysource other than electromagnetic radiation. Massspectrometry is used primarily to determine the molecular weight and molecular formula of a compound.
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)
Cleavage by heating
The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.
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