- 19.9SE.1PE: Determining the Effect of Temperature on SpontaneityThe Haber proce...
- 19.9SE.2PE: Determining the Effect of Temperature on SpontaneityThe Haber proce...
Solutions for Chapter 19.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
alpha (a) helix
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.
An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)
For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.
A tetrahedral carbon atom bearing four different groups.
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
The ability to do work.
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.
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