- 19.11SE.1PE: Calculating the Free-Energy Change under Nonstandard ConditionsCalc...
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Solutions for Chapter 19.11SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
A substance that consists of a single enantiomer, and not its mirror image.
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
Homolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.
The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
molar heat capacity
The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)
A phosphoric monoester, which is the simplest kind of phosphoglyceride.
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.