- 19.12SE.1PE: Calculating an Equilibrium Constant from The standard free-energy c...
- 19.12SE.2PE: Calculating an Equilibrium Constant from The standard free-energy c...
Solutions for Chapter 19.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
Avogadro’s number (NA).
6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)
A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.
Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)
A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)