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Solutions for Chapter 20.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 20.4SE

Solutions for Chapter 20.4SE
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Chapter 20.4SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Since 2 problems in chapter 20.4SE have been answered, more than 238190 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activate

    For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • Aufbau principle

    A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • crystal-field theory

    A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)

  • cycloalkane

    An alkane whose structure contains a ring.

  • Kinetic control

    Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.

  • locant

    In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • qualitative analysis

    The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)

  • rare earth element

    See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • Rate determining step

    The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.

  • unsymmetrical ether

    An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.

  • van der Waals forces

    A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces

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