- 20.9SE.1PE: Determining SpontaneityUse Table 20.1 to determine whether the foll...
- 20.9SE.2PE: Determining SpontaneityUse Table to determine whether the following...
Solutions for Chapter 20.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)
An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
An addition reaction in which a nucleophile and a proton are added across the two ends of a conjugated p system.
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
Bonding, usually in solid metals, in which the bonding electrons are relatively free to move throughout the three-dimensional structure. (Section 8.1)
The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
rare earth element
See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
Rate determining step
The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.
A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.
In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.
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