Solutions for Chapter 20.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 20.9SE

Solutions for Chapter 20.9SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 20.9SE have been answered, more than 145221 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Chapter 20.9SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amine

    Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.

  • bond length

    The distance between the centers of two bonded atoms. (Section 8.3)

  • carbides.

    Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.

  • Ether

    A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.

  • Friedel-Crafts acylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • Haworth projection

    For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)

  • hydrogen bonding

    A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.

  • metathesis (exchange) reaction

    A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)

  • node

    Points in an atom at which the electron density is zero. For example, the node in a 2s orbital is a spherical surface. (Section 6.6)

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • plane of symmetry

    A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2

    A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)

  • Tertiary structure of proteins

    The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.

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