- 20.13SE.1PE: Determining pH Using a Concentration CellA voltaic cell is construc...
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Solutions for Chapter 20.13SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)
A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)
An SH group.
A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)
A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)
An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)
A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid
A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A pericyclic reaction in which one s bond is formed at the expense of another.
A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.