- 21.8SE.1PE: Calculating Mass Change in a Nuclear ReactionHow much energy is los...
- 21.8SE.2PE: Calculating Mass Change in a Nuclear ReactionHow much energy is los...
Solutions for Chapter 21.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
alpha (a) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid
The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.
The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
normal melting point
The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).
Textbook Survival Guides
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Forgot password? Reset it here