- 21.8SE.1PE: Calculating Mass Change in a Nuclear ReactionHow much energy is los...
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Solutions for Chapter 21.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A unimolecular elimination reaction.
The SI unit for radiation dose
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
hexagonal close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)
An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.
oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction
A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids
secondary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.
Two objects that are identical.
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.