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Solutions for Chapter 21.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 21.8SE

Solutions for Chapter 21.8SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 21.8SE have been answered, more than 67760 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 21.8SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • bond polarity

    A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)

  • Conjugate acid

    The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid

  • crystallization.

    The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • Hammond postulate

    In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • mercurinium ion

    The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • normal melting point

    The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • positron emission

    A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)

  • primary

    A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • Principle of microscopic reversibility

    This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction

  • Wavenumbers (—n )

    The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).

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