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Solutions for Chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds 832

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds 832

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

Summary of Chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds 832

In this chapter, we expand our discussion of conjugated p systems and explore compounds that exhibit conjugated p bonds enclosed in a ring. This chapter will explore the unusual stability of aromatic rings as well as their properties and reactions. We will learn the criteria for aromaticity and then apply those criteria to identify other ring systems that are also aromatic. With this knowledge, we will be ready to explore the important role that aromatic rings play in the function of antihistamines.

Since 49 problems in chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds 832 have been answered, more than 294047 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. Chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds 832 includes 49 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • boranes

    Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)

  • Charles’ law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)

  • Charles’s law

    A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • heterogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)

  • hydride ion

    An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)

  • hydrocracking

    A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.

  • lipid

    Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.

  • mass

    A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)

  • monomers

    Molecules with low molecular weights, which can be joined together (polymerized) to form a polymer. (Section 12.8)

  • phenoxide

    The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.

  • reducing agent, or reductant

    The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • sp3 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.

  • Twist-boat conformation

    A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring that is twisted from and slightly more stable than a boat conformation.