Solutions for Chapter 3: Organic Chemistry 6th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780840054982 | Authors: William H. Brown and Lawrence S. Brown

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780840054982

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780840054982 | Authors: William H. Brown and Lawrence S. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 3

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 6
Author: William H. Brown and Lawrence S. Brown
ISBN: 9780840054982

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 36 problems in chapter 3 have been answered, more than 19305 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Chapter 3 includes 36 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780840054982.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • cation.

    An ion with a net positive charge. (2.5)

  • cell potential

    The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds.

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • hydrocarbons

    Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen. (Section 2.9)

  • hydroxyl group

    An OH group.

  • ketose

    A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.

  • Meisenheimer complex

    Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.

  • Molecular ion (M1)

    The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.

  • oxime

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • rad

    A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)

  • singlet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

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