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Solutions for Chapter 20: Organic Chemistry 6th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780840054982 | Authors: William H. Brown, Christopher S. Foote , Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780840054982

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780840054982 | Authors: William H. Brown, Christopher S. Foote , Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn

Solutions for Chapter 20

Solutions for Chapter 20
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 6
Author: William H. Brown, Christopher S. Foote , Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn
ISBN: 9780840054982

Chapter 20 includes 51 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780840054982. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Since 51 problems in chapter 20 have been answered, more than 31666 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea)

    The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • bomb calorimeter

    A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constant-volume conditions. (Section 5.5)

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • catalyst.

    A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • Hofmann elimination

    A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.

  • ionization energy

    The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)

  • Keto-enol tautomerism

    A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers

  • Ketone

    A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.

  • mass defect

    The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)

  • molecular equation

    A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)

  • Nucleophile

    From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

  • proteins

    Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.

  • retention of configuration

    During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center remains unchanged.

  • spectrochemical series

    A list of ligands arranged in order of their abilities to split the d-orbital energies (using the terminology of the crystal-field model). (Section 23.6)

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