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Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780078021510 | Authors: Jerrold E. Marsden

Full solutions for Chemistry | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780078021510

Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780078021510 | Authors: Jerrold E. Marsden

Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

The full step-by-step solution to problem in Chemistry were answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 09/09/17, 04:35AM. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780078021510. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 12. Since problems from 25 chapters in Chemistry have been answered, more than 21750 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 25.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atomic number (Z).

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • chirality center

    A tetrahedral carbon atom bearing four different groups.

  • combustion reaction.

    A reaction in which a substance reacts with oxygen, usually with the release of heat and light, to produce a flame. (4.4)

  • diastereotopic

    Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • effusion

    The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)

  • Heterocycle

    A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.

  • hydrohalogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.

  • ion

    Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • l sugar

    A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • nonaromatic

    A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.

  • pH

    The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

  • product

    A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • proteins

    Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.

  • Reductive amination

    A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • Sulfi de

    The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers

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