- Chapter 1: Chemistry: The Study of Change
- Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding II Molecular Geometry and Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals
- Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 12: Physical Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 13: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 14: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 15: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 16: Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria
- Chapter 17: Entropy, Free Energy, and Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 19: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: Chemistry in the Atmosphere
- Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals
- Chapter 22: Nonmetallic Elements and Their Compounds
- Chapter 23: Transition Metals Chemistry and Coordination Compounds
- Chapter 24: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter 25: Synthetic and Natural Organic Polymers
- Chapter 3: Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
- Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and the Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 8: Periodic Relationships Among the Elements
- Chapter 9: Chemical Bonding I Basic Concepts
Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry | 12th Edition
The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.
A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).
A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)
complete ionic equation
A chemical equation in which dissolved strong electrolytes (such as dissolved ionic compounds) are written as separate ions. (Section 4.2)
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
A prefi x meaning across from.