- Chapter 1: Chemistry: The Study of Change
- Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding II Molecular Geometry and Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals
- Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 12: Physical Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 13: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 14: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 15: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 16: Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria
- Chapter 17: Entropy, Free Energy, and Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 19: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: Chemistry in the Atmosphere
- Chapter 21: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals
- Chapter 22: Nonmetallic Elements and Their Compounds
- Chapter 23: Transition Metals Chemistry and Coordination Compounds
- Chapter 24: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter 25: Synthetic and Natural Organic Polymers
- Chapter 3: Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
- Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and the Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Chapter 8: Periodic Relationships Among the Elements
- Chapter 9: Chemical Bonding I Basic Concepts
Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry | 12th Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
Two or more forms of the same element that differ significantly in chemical and physical properties. (2.6)
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
buffered solution (buffer)
A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)
The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.
A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring
A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.
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