- 1.107: ?A pressure cooker cooks a lot faster than an ordinary pan by maint...
- 1.1P: What is the difference between the classical and the statistical ap...
- 1.2P: ?Why does a bicyclist pick up speed on a downhill road even when he...
- 1.3P: One of the most amusing things a person can experience is when a ca...
- 1.4P: An office worker claims that a cup of cold coffee on his table warm...
- 1.5P: What is the difference between kg-mass and kg force?
- 1.6P: Explain why the light-year has the dimension of length.
- 1.7P: What is the net force acting on a car cruising at a constant veloci...
- 1.8P: ?At \(45^{\circ}\) latitude, the gravitational acceleration as a fu...
- 1.9P: What is the weight, in N, of an object with a mass of 200 kg at a l...
- 1.10P: ?A 3-kg plastic tank that has a volume of \(0.2 \mathrm{~m}^{3}\) i...
- 1.11P: The constant-pressure specific heat of air at 25°C is 1.005 kJ/kg·°...
- 1.12P: ?A \(3-\mathrm{kg}\) rock is thrown upward with a force of \(200 \m...
- 1.13P: ?Solve Prob. 1–12 using \(\mathrm{EES}\) (or other) software. Print...
- 1.14P: A 4-kW resistance heater in a water heater runs for 3 hours to rais...
- 1.15P: ?A \(150-lbm\) astronaut took his bathroom scale (a spring scale an...
- 1.16P: ?The gas tank of a car is filled with a nozzle that discharges gaso...
- 1.17P: A pool of volume V (in m3) is to be filled with water using a hose ...
- 1.18P: ?A large fraction of the thermal energy generated in the engine of ...
- 1.19P: You are trying to understand how a reciprocating air compressor (a ...
- 1.20P: A can of soft drink at room temperature is put into the refrigerato...
- 1.21P: What is the difference between intensive and extensive properties?
- 1.22P: Is the weight of a system an extensive or intensive property?
- 1.23P: Is the state of the air in an isolated room completely specified by...
- 1.24P: ?The molar specific volume of a system \(\bar{v}\) is defined as th...
- 1.25P: What is a quasi-equilibrium process? What is its importance in engi...
- 1.26P: Define the isothermal, isobaric, and isochoric processes.
- 1.27P: How would you describe the state of the water in a bathtub? How wou...
- 1.28P: When analyzing the acceleration of gases as they flow through a noz...
- 1.29P: What is specific gravity? How is it related to density?
- 1.30P: ?The density of atmospheric air varies with elevation, decreasing w...
- 1.31P: What are the ordinary and absolute temperature scales in the SI and...
- 1.32P: Consider an alcohol and a mercury thermometer that read exactly 0°C...
- 1.33P: Consider two closed systems A and B. System A contains 3000 kJ of t...
- 1.34P: The deep body temperature of a healthy person is 37°C. What is it i...
- 1.35P: What is the temperature of the heated air at 150°C in °F and R?
- 1.36P: The temperature of a system rises by 70°C during a heating process....
- 1.37P: The flash point of an engine oil is 363°F. What is the absolute fla...
- 1.38P: The temperature of ambient air in a certain location is measured to...
- 1.39P: The temperature of a system drops by 45°F during a cooling process....
- 1.40P: Explain why some people experience nose bleeding and some others ex...
- 1.41P: A health magazine reported that physicians measured 100 adults’ blo...
- 1.42P: Someone claims that the absolute pressure in a liquid of constant d...
- 1.43P: Express Pascal’s law, and give a real-world example of it.
- 1.44P: Consider two identical fans, one at sea level and the other on top ...
- 1.45P: A vacuum gage connected to a chamber reads 35 kPa at a location whe...
- 1.46P: The pressure in a compressed air storage tank is 1200 kPa. What is ...
- 1.47P: The pressure in a water line is 1500 kPa. What is the line pressure...
- 1.48P: If the pressure inside a rubber balloon is 1500 mmHg, what is this ...
- 1.49P: A manometer is used to measure the air pressure in a tank. The flui...
- 1.50P: ?The water in a tank is pressurized by air, and the pressure is mea...
- 1.51P: Determine the atmospheric pressure at a location where the barometr...
- 1.52P: ?A 200-pound man has a total foot imprint area of \(72 \mathrm{in}^...
- 1.53P: The gage pressure in a liquid at a depth of 3 m is read to be 42 kP...
- 1.54P: The absolute pressure in water at a depth of 9 m is read to be 185 ...
- 1.55P: Determine the pressure exerted on the surface of a submarine cruisi...
- 1.56P: Consider a 70-kg woman who has a total foot imprint area of 400 cm2...
- 1.57P: The vacuum pressure of a condenser is given to be 80 kPa. If the at...
- 1.58P: The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 750 mbars at the beginning ...
- 1.59P: ?The basic barometer can be used to measure the height of a buildin...
- 1.60P: ?Solve Prob. 1–59 using \(\mathrm{EES}\) (or other) software. Print...
- 1.61P: The hydraulic lift in a car repair shop has an output diameter of 3...
- 1.62P: ?A gas is contained in a vertical, frictionless pistoncylinder devi...
- 1.63P: ?Reconsider Prob. 1–62. Using \(\mathrm{EES}\) (or other) software,...
- 1.64P: ?Both a gage and a manometer are attached to a gas tank to measure ...
- 1.65P: ?Reconsider Prob. 1–64. Using \(\mathrm{EES}\) (or other) software,...
- 1.66P: A manometer containing oil (p = 850 kg/m3) is attached to a tank fi...
- 1.67P: ?A mercury manometer \(\left(\rho=13,600 \mathrm{~kg} / \mathrm{m}^...
- 1.68P: Repeat Prob. 1–72 for a differential mercury height of 45 mm.
- 1.69P: ?The pressure in a natural gas pipeline is measured by the manomete...
- 1.70P: ?Repeat Prob. 1–69E by replacing air by oil with a specific gravity...
- 1.71P: Blood pressure is usually measured by wrapping a closed air-filled ...
- 1.72P: ?The maximum blood pressure in the upper arm of a healthy person is...
- 1.73P: Determine the pressure exerted on a diver at 45 m below the free su...
- 1.74P: ?Consider a U-tube whose arms are open to the atmosphere. Now water...
- 1.75P: ?Consider a double-fluid manometer attached to an air pipe shown in...
- 1.76P: ?Freshwater and seawater flowing in parallel horizontal pipelines a...
- 1.77P: Repeat Prob. 1–78 by replacing the air with oil whose specific grav...
- 1.78P: ?Calculate the absolute pressure, \(P_{1}\), of the manometer shown...
- 1.79E: Consider the manometer in Fig. P1?80. If the specific weight of flu...
- 1.80P: ?Consider the manometer in Fig. P1-78. If the specific weight of fl...
- 1.81P: ?Consider the system shown in Fig. P1-81. If a change of \(0.7 \mat...
- 1.82P: What is the value of the engineering software packages in (a) engin...
- 1.83P: ?Determine a positive real root of this equation using EES: \(2 x^{...
- 1.84P: ?Solve this system of two equations with two unknowns using EES: \(...
- 1.85P: ?Solve this system of three equations with three unknowns using EES...
- 1.86P: ?Solve this system of three equations with three unknowns using EES...
- 1.87P: ?Specific heat is defined as the amount of energy needed to increas...
- 1.88P: The weight of bodies may change somewhat from one location to anoth...
- 1.89P: A man goes to a traditional market to buy a steak for dinner. He fi...
- 1.90P: What is the weight of a 1-kg substance in N, kN, kg·m/s2, kgf, lbm-...
- 1.91P: ?A hydraulic lift is to be used to lift a \(2500\ kg\) weight by pu...
- 1.92P: The efficiency of a refrigerator increases by 3 percent for each °C...
- 1.93P: Hyperthermia of 5°C (i.e., 5°C rise above the normal body temperatu...
- 1.94P: A house is losing heat at a rate of 1800 kJ/h per °C temperature di...
- 1.95P: ?The average temperature of the atmosphere in the world is approxim...
- 1.96P: Joe Smith, an old-fashioned engineering student, believes that the ...
- 1.97P: ?It is well-known that cold air feels much colder in windy weather ...
- 1.98P: ?Reconsider Prob. 1-97E. Using EES (or other) software, plot the eq...
- 1.99P: ?A vertical piston-cylinder device contains a gas at a pressure of ...
- 1.100P: ?An air-conditioning system requires a 35-m-long section of \915-\m...
- 1.101P: The average body temperature of a person rises by about 2°C during ...
- 1.102P: ?Balloons are often filled with helium gas because it weighs only a...
- 1.103P: ?Reconsider Prob. 1–102. Using \(\mathrm{EES}\) (or other) software...
- 1.104P: Detennine the maximum amount of load, in kg, the balloon described ...
- 1.105P: ?The lower half of a \(6-\mathrm{m}\)-high cylindrical container is...
- 1.106P: A vertical, frictionless piston-cylinder device contains a gas at 1...
- 1.107P: A pressure cooker cooks a lot faster than an ordinary pan by mainta...
- 1.108P: ?A glass tube is attached to a water pipe, as shown in Fig. P1-108....
- 1.109P: ?Consider a U-tube whose arms are open to the atmosphere. Now equal...
- 1.110P: ?The basic barometer can be used as an altitude measuring device in...
- 1.111P: ?A water pipe is connected to a double-U manometer as shown in Fig....
- 1.112P: ?A gasoline line is connected to a pressure gage through a double-U...
- 1.113P: ?Repeat Prob. 1–112 for a pressure gage reading of \(180 \mathrm{kP...
- 1.114P: The average atmospheric pressure on earth is approximated as a func...
- 1.115P: It is well-known that the temperature of the atmosphere varies with...
- 1.116P: The variation of pressure with density in a thick gas layer is give...
- 1.117P: Consider the flow of air through a wind turbine whose blades sweep ...
- 1.118P: ?The drag force exerted on a car by air depends on a dimensionless ...
- 1.119P: An apple loses 4.5 kJ of heat as it cools per °C drop in its temper...
- 1.120P: Consider a fish swimming 5 m below the free surface of water. The i...
- 1.122P: Consider a 2-m deep swimming pool. The pressure difference between ...
- 1.123P: During a heating process, the temperature of an object rises by 10°...
- 1.124P: At sea level, the weight of 1 kg mass in SI units is 9.81 N. The we...

# Solutions for Chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts

## Full solutions for Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780073398174

Solutions for Chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts

Get Full SolutionsSummary of Chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts

Every science has a unique vocabulary associated with it, and thermodynamics is no exception. Precise definition of basic concepts forms a sound foundation for the development of a science and prevents possible misunderstandings. We start this chapter with an overview of thermodynamics and the unit systems, and continue with a discussion of some basic concepts such as system, state, state postulate, equilibrium, and process.

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts includes 124 full step-by-step solutions. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073398174. Since 124 problems in chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts have been answered, more than 443656 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach , edition: 8.