- 4.112PH: Mixing ProcessesAn insulated mixing chamber receives 2 kg/s of R-13...
- 4.1CGP: A temperature difference drives a heat transfer. Does a similar con...
- 4.2CGP: What effect can be felt upstream in a flow?
- 4.3CGP: Which of the properties (P, v, T ) can be controlled in a flow? How?
- 4.4CGP: Air at 500 kPa is expanded to 100 kPa in two steadyflow cases. Case...
- 4.5CGP: Pipes that carry a hot fluid like steam in a power plant, exhaust p...
- 4.6CGP: A windmill takes out a fraction of the wind kinetic energy as power...
- 4.7CGP: An underwater turbine extracts a fraction of the kinetic energy fro...
- 4.8CGP: A liquid water turbine at the bottom of a dam takes energy out as p...
- 4.9CGP: You blow a balloon up with air. What kinds of work terms, including...
- 4.10CGP: A storage tank for natural gas has a top dome that can move up or d...
- 4.11HP: A large brewery has a pipe of cross-sectional area 0.2 m2 flowing c...
- 4.12HP: Air at 35°C, 105 kPa flows in a 100-mm × 150-mm rectangular duct in...
- 4.13HP: A pool is to be filled with 60 m3 water from a garden hose of 2.5 c...
- 4.14HP: An empty bathtub has its drain closed and is being filled with wate...
- 4.15HP: A flat channel of depth 1 m has a fully developed laminar flow of a...
- 4.16HP: Nitrogen gas flowing in a 50-mm-diameter pipe at 15°C and 200 kPa, ...
- 4.17HP: A boiler receives a constant flow of 5000 kg/h liquid water at 5 MP...
- 4.18HP: A 0.6-m-diameter household fan takes air in at 98 kPa, 20°C and del...
- 4.19HP: An airport ventilation system takes 2.5 m3/s air at 100 kPa, 17°C i...
- 4.20HP: Nozzles, DiffusersLiquid water at 15°C flows out of a nozzle straig...
- 4.21HP: Nozzles, DiffusersA nozzle receives an ideal gas flow with a veloci...
- 4.22HP: Nozzles, DiffusersA diffuser receives 0.1 kg/s steam at 500 kPa, 35...
- 4.23HP: Nozzles, DiffusersIn a jet engine a flow of air at 1000 K, 200 kPa,...
- 4.24HP: Nozzles, DiffusersIn a jet engine a flow of air at 1000 K, 200 kPa,...
- 4.25HP: Nozzles, DiffusersSuperheated vapor ammonia enters an insulated noz...
- 4.26HP: Nozzles, DiffusersThe wind is blowing horizontally at 30 m/s in a s...
- 4.27HP: Nozzles, DiffusersA sluice gate dams water up 5 m. A 1-cm-diameter ...
- 4.28HP: Nozzles, DiffusersA diffuser, shown in Fig. P4.28, has air entering...
- 4.29HP: Nozzles, DiffusersA meteorite hits the upper atmosphere at 3000 m/s...
- 4.30HP: Nozzles, DiffusersThe front of a jet engine acts similarly to a dif...
- 4.31HP: Throttle FlowR-410a at?5°C, 700 kPa is throttled, so it becomes col...
- 4.32HP: Throttle FlowCarbon dioxide is throttled from 20°C, 2000 kPa to 800...
- 4.33HP: Throttle FlowSaturated liquid R-134a at 25°C is throttled to 300 kP...
- 4.34HP: Throttle FlowA supply line has a steady flow of R-410a at 1000 kPa,...
- 4.35HP: Throttle FlowCarbon dioxide used as a natural refrigerant flows out...
- 4.36HP: Throttle FlowLiquid water at 180°C, 2000 kPa is throttled into a fl...
- 4.37HP: Throttle FlowHelium is throttled from 1.2 MPa, 20°C to a pressure o...
- 4.38HP: Throttle FlowMethane at 1 MPa, 300 K is throttled through a valve t...
- 4.39HP: Throttle FlowR-134a is throttled in a line flowing at 25°C, 750 kPa...
- 4.40HP: Turbines, ExpandersA steam turbine has an inlet of 3 kg/s water at ...
- 4.41HP: Turbines, ExpandersAir at 20 m/s, 1500 K, 875 kPa with 5 kg/s flows...
- 4.42HP: Turbines, ExpandersSolve the previous problem using Table A.7.TABLE...
- 4.43HP: Turbines, ExpandersA wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 20 m tak...
- 4.44HP: Turbines, ExpandersA liquid water turbine receives 2 kg/s water at ...
- 4.45HP: Turbines, ExpandersWhat is the specific work one can expect from th...
- 4.46HP: Turbines, ExpandersA small, high-speed turbine operating on compres...
- 4.47HP: Turbines, ExpandersHoover Dam across the Colorado River dams up Lak...
- 4.48HP: Turbines, ExpandersA small turbine, shown in Fig. P4.48, is operate...
- 4.49HP: Turbines, ExpandersA small expander (a turbine with heat transfer) ...
- 4.50HP: Compressors, FansAcompressor in a commercial refrigerator receives ...
- 4.51HP: Compressors, FansA compressor brings nitrogen from 100 kPa, 290 K t...
- 4.52HP: Compressors, FansA portable fan blows 0.3 kg/s room air with a velo...
- 4.53HP: Compressors, FansA refrigerator uses the natural refrigerant carbon...
- 4.54HP: Compressors, FansA factory generates compressed air from 100 kPa, 1...
- 4.55HP: Compressors, FansA compressor brings R-134a from 150 kPa,?10°C to 1...
- 4.56HP: Compressors, FansThe compressor of a large gas turbine receives air...
- 4.57HP: Compressors, FansHow much power is needed to run the fan in Problem...
- 4.58HP: Compressors, FansA compressor in an industrial air conditioner comp...
- 4.59HP: Compressors, FansAn exhaust fan in a building should be able to mov...
- 4.60HP: Compressors, FansA compressor receives R-410a as saturated vapor at...
- 4.61HP: Compressors, FansAn air flow is brought from 20°C, 100 kPa to 1000 ...
- 4.62HP: Heaters, CoolersThe air conditioner in a house or a car has a coole...
- 4.63HP: Heaters, CoolersA boiler section boils 3 kg/s saturated liquid wate...
- 4.64HP: Heaters, CoolersA condenser (cooler) receives 0.05 kg/s of R-410a a...
- 4.65HP: Heaters, CoolersCarbon dioxide enters a steady-state, steady-flow h...
- 4.66HP: Heaters, CoolersFind the heat transfer in Problem.A boiler receives...
- 4.67HP: Heaters, CoolersA chiller cools liquid water for air-conditioning p...
- 4.68HP: Heaters, CoolersSaturated liquid nitrogen at 600 kPa enters a boile...
- 4.69HP: Heaters, CoolersCarbon dioxide used as a natural refrigerant flows ...
- 4.70HP: Heaters, CoolersIn a steam generator, compressed liquid water at 10...
- 4.71HP: Heaters, CoolersAn oven has five radiant heaters; each one is rated...
- 4.72HP: Heaters, CoolersLiquid nitrogen at 90 K, 400 kPa flows into a probe...
- 4.73HP: Heaters, CoolersAn evaporator has R-410a at ?20°C and quality 20% f...
- 4.74HP: Heaters, CoolersLiquid glycerine flows around an engine, cooling it...
- 4.75HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsAnirrigation pump takeswater from a ri...
- 4.76HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA pipe flows water at 15°C from one bu...
- 4.77HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA river flowing at 0.5 m/s across a 1-...
- 4.78HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA steam pipe for a 300-m-tall building...
- 4.79HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsConsider a water pump that receives li...
- 4.80HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA small water pump is used in an irrig...
- 4.81HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA small stream with water at 15°C runs...
- 4.82HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsA cutting tool uses a nozzle that gene...
- 4.83HP: Pumps, Pipe and Channel FlowsThe main water line into a tall buildi...
- 4.84HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersAnadiabatic steam turbine in a powe...
- 4.85HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersAcompressor receives 0.05 kg/s R-41...
- 4.86HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersCogeneration is often used where a ...
- 4.87HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersA steam turbine receives steam from...
- 4.88HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersA compressor receives 0.1 kg/s of R...
- 4.89HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersTwo steady flows of air enter a con...
- 4.90HP: Turbines, Compressors, ExpandersA large, steady expansion engine ha...
- 4.91HP: Heat ExchangersA condenser (heat exchanger) brings 1 kg/s water flo...
- 4.92HP: Heat ExchangersAir at 600 K flows with 3 kg/s into a heat exchanger...
- 4.93HP: Heat ExchangersSteam at 500 kPa, 300°C is used to heat cold water a...
- 4.94HP: Heat ExchangersA dual-fluid heat exchanger has 5 kg/s water enterin...
- 4.95HP: Heat ExchangersA heat exchanger, shown in Fig. P4.95, is used to co...
- 4.96HP: Heat ExchangersA superheater brings 2.5 kg/s of saturated water vap...
- 4.97HP: Heat ExchangersAtwo-fluid heat exchanger has 2 kg/s liquid ammonia ...
- 4.98HP: Heat ExchangersIn a co-flowing (same-direction) heat exchanger, 1 k...
- 4.99HP: Heat ExchangersAn air/water counter flowing heat exchanger has one ...
- 4.100HP: Heat ExchangersAn automotive radiator has glycerine at 95°C enter a...
- 4.101HP: Heat ExchangersA cooler in an air conditioner brings 0.5 kg/s of ai...
- 4.102HP: Heat ExchangersA copper wire has been heat treated to 1000 K and is...
- 4.103HP: Heat ExchangersA coflowing (same-direction) heat exchanger has one ...
- 4.104HP: Mixing ProcessesTwo flows of air are both at 200 kPa; one has 1 kg/...
- 4.105HP: Mixing ProcessesTwo air flows are combined to a single flow. One fl...
- 4.106HP: Mixing ProcessesA flow of water at 2000 kPa, 20°C is mixed with a f...
- 4.107HP: Mixing ProcessesAn open feedwater heater in a power plant heats 4 k...
- 4.108HP: Mixing ProcessesTwo flows are mixed to form a single flow. Flow at ...
- 4.109HP: Mixing ProcessesA de-superheater has a flow of ammonia of 1.5 kg/s ...
- 4.110HP: Mixing ProcessesAmixing chamber with heat transfer receives 2 kg/s ...
- 4.111HP: Mixing ProcessesAgeothermal supply of hotwater at 500 kPa, 150°C is...
- 4.112HP: Mixing Processes An insulated mixing chamber receives 2 kg/s of R-1...
- 4.113HP: Mixing ProcessesTo keep a jet engine cool, some intake air bypasses...
- 4.114HP: Mixing ProcessesSolve the previous problem using values from Table ...
- 4.115HP: A flow of 5 kg/s water at 100 kPa, 20°C should be delivered as stea...
- 4.116HP: A two-stage compressor takes nitrogen in at 20°C, 150 kPa and compr...
- 4.117HP: The intercooler in the previous problem uses cold liquid water to c...
- 4.118HP: The following data are for a simple steam power plant as shown in F...
- 4.119HP: For the steam power plant shown in 4.118, assume that the cooling w...
- 4.120HP: For the steam power plant shown in Problem, determine the rate of h...
- 4.121HP: A somewhat simplified flow diagram for a nuclear power plant is giv...
- 4.122HP: Consider the power plant described in the previous problem.a. Deter...
- 4.123HP: An R-410a heat pump cycle shown in Fig. P4.123 has an R-410a flow r...
- 4.124HP: A modern jet engine has a temperature after combustion of about 150...
- 4.125HP: A proposal is made to use a geothermal supply of hot water to opera...
- 4.126HP: An initially empty cylinder is filled with air from 20°C, 100 kPa u...
- 4.127HP: An initially empty canister of volume 0.2 m3 is filled with carbon ...
- 4.128HP: Repeat the previous problem but use the ideal gas Tables A8 to solv...
- 4.129HP: A tank contains 1 m3 air at 100 kPa, 300 K. A pipe of flowing air a...
- 4.130HP: A 1-m3 tank contains ammonia at 150 kPa and 25°C. The tank is attac...
- 4.131HP: A 2.5-L tank initially is empty, and we want to fill it with 10 g o...
- 4.132HP: An evacuated 150-L tank is connected to a line flowing air at room ...
- 4.133HP: An insulated 2-m3 tank is to be charged with R- 134a from a line fl...
- 4.134HP: Find the final state for the previous problem if the valve is close...
- 4.135HP: Helium in a steel tank is at 250 kPa, 300 K with a volume of 0.1 m3...
- 4.136HP: A 25-L tank, shown in Fig. P4.136, that is initially evacuated is c...
- 4.137HP: A nitrogen line at 300 K, 0.5 MPa, shown in Fig. P4.137, is connect...
- 4.138HP: A 1-m3 rigid tank contains 100 kg R-410a at ambient temperature, 15...
- 4.139HP: A 200-L tank (see Fig. P4.139) initially contains water at 100 kPa ...
- 4.140HP: A 1-L can of R-134a is at room temperature, 20°C, with a quality of...
- 4.141HP: A 2-m-tall cylinder has a small hole in the bottom as in Fig. P4.14...
- 4.142HP: A pipe of radius R has a fully developed laminar flow of air at P0,...
- 4.143HP: Steam at 3 MPa, 400°C enters a turbine with a volume flow rate of 5...
- 4.144HP: In a glass factory a 2-m-wide sheet of glass at 1500 K comes out of...
- 4.145HP: Assume a setup similar to that of the previous problem, but with th...
- 4.146HP: A flow of 2 kg/s of water at 500 kPa, 20°C is heated in a constant-...
- 4.147HP: A500-L insulated tank contains air at 40°C, 2MPa. A valve on the ta...
- 4.148HP: Three air flows, all at 200 kPa, are connected to the same exit duc...
- 4.149HP: Consider the power plant described in 4.121a. Determine the tempera...
- 4.150HP: Consider the power plant described in a. Find the power removed in ...
- 4.151HP: A 1-m3, 40-kg rigid steel tank contains air at 500 kPa, and both ta...
- 4.152HP: A steam engine based on a turbine is shown in Fig. P4.152 The boile...
- 4.153HP: An insulated spring-loaded piston/cylinder device, shown in Fig. P4...
- 4.154HP: A mass-loaded piston/cylinder shown in Fig. P4.154, containing air,...
- 4.155HP: A 2-m3 storage tank contains 95% liquid and 5% vapor by volume of l...
- 4.156EUP: Refrigerant R-410a at 100 psia, 60 F flows at 0.1 lbm/s in a 2.5-ft...
- 4.157EUP: Air at 95 F, 16 lbf/in.2 flows in a 4-in × 6-in. rectangular duct i...
- 4.158EUP: A pool is to be filled with 2500 ft3 water from a garden hose of 1 ...
- 4.159EUP: A hot-air home heating system takes 500 ft3/min (cfm) air at 14.7 p...
- 4.160EUP: Liquid water at 60 F flows out of a nozzle straight up 40 ft. What ...
- 4.161EUP: A diffuser receives 0.2 lbm/s steam at 80 psia, 600 F. The exit is ...
- 4.162EUP: Saturated vapor R-134a leaves the evaporator in a heat pump at 50 F...
- 4.163EUP: In a jet engine a flow of air at 1800 R, 30 psia, and 90 ft/s enter...
- 4.164EUP: A sluice gate dams water up 15 ft. A 0.5-in.- diameter hole at the ...
- 4.165EUP: A diffuser, shown in Fig. P4.28 has air entering at 14.7 lbf/in.2, ...
- 4.166EUP: Nitrogen gas flows into a convergent nozzle at 30 lbf/in.2, 600 R a...
- 4.167EUP: A meteorite hits the upper atmosphere at 10 000 ft/s where the pres...
- 4.168EUP: Refrigerant R-410a flows out of a cooler at 70 F, 220 psia, afterwh...
- 4.169EUP: R-410a at 90 F, 300 psia is throttled so that it becomes cold at 10...
- 4.170EUP: Saturated liquid R-410a at 30 F is throttled to 40 psia in a refrig...
- 4.171EUP: Saturated vapor R-410a at 75 psia is throttled to 15 psia. What is ...
- 4.172EUP: Helium is throttled from 175 lbf/in.2, 70 F to a pressure of 15 lbf...
- 4.173EUP: A liquid water turbine receives 4 lbm/s water at 300 psia, 77 F wit...
- 4.174EUP: Hoover Dam, across the Colorado River, dams up Lake Mead 600 ft hig...
- 4.175EUP: A small expander (a turbine with heat transfer) has 0.1 lbm/s of he...
- 4.176EUP: A small, high-speed turbine operating on compressed air produces a ...
- 4.177EUP: A compressor in a commercial refrigerator receives R-410a at ?10 F ...
- 4.178EUP: A compressor in an industrial air conditioner compresses ammonia fr...
- 4.179EUP: An exhaust fan in a building should be able to move 6 lbm/s of air ...
- 4.180EUP: An air flow is brought from 77 F, 14.7 psia to 150 psia, 620 F by a...
- 4.181EUP: Carbon dioxide gas enters a steady-state, steadyflow heater at 45 l...
- 4.182EUP: A condenser (cooler) receives 0.1 lbm/s of R-410a at 300 psia, 140 ...
- 4.183EUP: In a steam generator, compressed liquid water at 1500 lbf/in.2, 100...
- 4.184EUP: An oven has five radiant heaters, each one is rated at 15 Btu/s. It...
- 4.185EUP: An evaporator has R-410a at 0 F and quality 20% flowing in, with th...
- 4.186EUP: Liquid glycerine flows around an engine, cooling it as it absorbs e...
- 4.187EUP: A small water pump is used in an irrigation system. The pump takes ...
- 4.188EUP: A steam turbine receives water at 2000 lbf/in.2, 1200 F at a rate o...
- 4.189EUP: A condenser, as in the heat exchanger shown in Fig. P4.91 brings 1 ...
- 4.190EUP: A heat exchanger is used to cool an air flow from 1400 to 680 R, bo...
- 4.191EUP: A dual-fluid heat exchanger has 10 lbm/s water entering at 100 F, 2...
- 4.192EUP: An automotive radiator has glycerine at 200 F enter and return at 1...
- 4.193EUP: Steam at 80 psia, 600 F is used to heat cold water at 60 F to 170 F...
- 4.194EUP: A copper wire has been heat treated to 1800 R and is now pulled int...
- 4.195EUP: Two flows of air are both at 30 psia; one has 1 lbm/s at 720 R and ...
- 4.196EUP: A de-superheater has a flow of ammonia of 3 lbm/s at 150 psia, 200 ...
- 4.197EUP: An insulated mixing chamber, as shown in Fig. P4.110, receives 4 lb...
- 4.198EUP: The following data are for a simple steam power plant as shown in F...
- 4.199EUP: For the same steam power plant shown in Fig. P4.118 and 4.198, dete...
- 4.200EUP: A two-stage compressor takes nitrogen in at 80 F, 20 psia and compr...
- 4.201EUP: The intercooler in the previous problem uses cold liquid water to c...
- 4.202EUP: An R-410a heat pump cycle shown in Fig. P4.123 has an R-410a flow r...
- 4.203EUP: A geothermal supply of hot water operates a steam turbine, as shown...
- 4.204EUP: A 1-gal tank initially is empty, and we want to fill it with 0.03 l...
- 4.205EUP: An initially empty cylinder is filled with air at 70 F, 15 psia unt...
- 4.206EUP: A tank contains 10 ft3 of air at 15 psia, 540 R. A pipe of flowing ...
- 4.207EUP: A 1-ft3 tank, shown in Fig. P4.136 that is initially evacuated is c...
- 4.208EUP: Helium in a steel tank is at 40 psia, 540 R with a volume of 4 ft3....
- 4.209EUP: A 20-ft3 tank contains ammonia at 20 lbf/in.2, 80 F. The tank is at...
- 4.210EUP: A nitrogen line, 540 R, 75 lbf/in.2 is connected to a turbine that ...
- 4.211EUP: A mass-loaded piston/cylinder containing air is at 45 lbf/in.2, 60 ...

# Solutions for Chapter 4: Fundamentals of Thermodynamcs 8th Edition

## Full solutions for Fundamentals of Thermodynamcs | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9781118131992

Solutions for Chapter 4

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