 213.1: What is the current ratio for Denmark, Inc., which has current asse...
 213.2: Find the operating ratio for Chaneys Pharmacy if the annual cost of...
 213.3: Find the gross profit margin ratio if The Premier Eatery had net sa...
 213.4: Proud Larrys Grill reported net sales of $289,512 and had average t...
 213.5: Find the current ratio for Georges business and the current ratio f...
 213.6: Find the acidtest ratio for Carleys business if the balance sheet ...
 213.7: Find the operating ratio for Sols Dry Goods if the income statement...
 213.8: Find the gross profit margin ratio for Sols Dry Goods in Exercise 7...
Solutions for Chapter 213: FINANCIAL STATEMENT RATIOS
Full solutions for Business Math,  9th Edition
ISBN: 9780135108178
Solutions for Chapter 213: FINANCIAL STATEMENT RATIOS
Get Full SolutionsThis textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Business Math, , edition: 9. Chapter 213: FINANCIAL STATEMENT RATIOS includes 8 full stepbystep solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 8 problems in chapter 213: FINANCIAL STATEMENT RATIOS have been answered, more than 17375 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. Business Math, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780135108178.

Back substitution.
Upper triangular systems are solved in reverse order Xn to Xl.

Companion matrix.
Put CI, ... ,Cn in row n and put n  1 ones just above the main diagonal. Then det(A  AI) = ±(CI + c2A + C3A 2 + .•. + cnA nl  An).

Conjugate Gradient Method.
A sequence of steps (end of Chapter 9) to solve positive definite Ax = b by minimizing !x T Ax  x Tb over growing Krylov subspaces.

Diagonalization
A = S1 AS. A = eigenvalue matrix and S = eigenvector matrix of A. A must have n independent eigenvectors to make S invertible. All Ak = SA k SI.

Echelon matrix U.
The first nonzero entry (the pivot) in each row comes in a later column than the pivot in the previous row. All zero rows come last.

Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).
A factorization of the Fourier matrix Fn into e = log2 n matrices Si times a permutation. Each Si needs only nl2 multiplications, so Fnx and Fn1c can be computed with ne/2 multiplications. Revolutionary.

Free variable Xi.
Column i has no pivot in elimination. We can give the n  r free variables any values, then Ax = b determines the r pivot variables (if solvable!).

Jordan form 1 = M 1 AM.
If A has s independent eigenvectors, its "generalized" eigenvector matrix M gives 1 = diag(lt, ... , 1s). The block his Akh +Nk where Nk has 1 's on diagonall. Each block has one eigenvalue Ak and one eigenvector.

Normal matrix.
If N NT = NT N, then N has orthonormal (complex) eigenvectors.

Orthonormal vectors q 1 , ... , q n·
Dot products are q T q j = 0 if i =1= j and q T q i = 1. The matrix Q with these orthonormal columns has Q T Q = I. If m = n then Q T = Q 1 and q 1 ' ... , q n is an orthonormal basis for Rn : every v = L (v T q j )q j •

Reduced row echelon form R = rref(A).
Pivots = 1; zeros above and below pivots; the r nonzero rows of R give a basis for the row space of A.

Row space C (AT) = all combinations of rows of A.
Column vectors by convention.

Singular matrix A.
A square matrix that has no inverse: det(A) = o.

Spanning set.
Combinations of VI, ... ,Vm fill the space. The columns of A span C (A)!

Spectral Theorem A = QAQT.
Real symmetric A has real A'S and orthonormal q's.

Subspace S of V.
Any vector space inside V, including V and Z = {zero vector only}.

Symmetric matrix A.
The transpose is AT = A, and aU = a ji. AI is also symmetric.

Toeplitz matrix.
Constant down each diagonal = timeinvariant (shiftinvariant) filter.

Vector v in Rn.
Sequence of n real numbers v = (VI, ... , Vn) = point in Rn.

Volume of box.
The rows (or the columns) of A generate a box with volume I det(A) I.