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Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Compositions of Transformations

Full solutions for Discovering Geometry: An Investigative Approach | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9781559538824

Solutions for Chapter 7.3: Compositions of Transformations

Solutions for Chapter 7.3
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Textbook: Discovering Geometry: An Investigative Approach
Edition: 4
Author: Michael Serra
ISBN: 9781559538824

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Discovering Geometry: An Investigative Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781559538824. Since 18 problems in chapter 7.3: Compositions of Transformations have been answered, more than 22438 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 7.3: Compositions of Transformations includes 18 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Discovering Geometry: An Investigative Approach, edition: 4.

Key Math Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Back substitution.

    Upper triangular systems are solved in reverse order Xn to Xl.

  • Change of basis matrix M.

    The old basis vectors v j are combinations L mij Wi of the new basis vectors. The coordinates of CI VI + ... + cnvn = dl wI + ... + dn Wn are related by d = M c. (For n = 2 set VI = mll WI +m21 W2, V2 = m12WI +m22w2.)

  • Characteristic equation det(A - AI) = O.

    The n roots are the eigenvalues of A.

  • Diagonal matrix D.

    dij = 0 if i #- j. Block-diagonal: zero outside square blocks Du.

  • Diagonalizable matrix A.

    Must have n independent eigenvectors (in the columns of S; automatic with n different eigenvalues). Then S-I AS = A = eigenvalue matrix.

  • Dot product = Inner product x T y = XI Y 1 + ... + Xn Yn.

    Complex dot product is x T Y . Perpendicular vectors have x T y = O. (AB)ij = (row i of A)T(column j of B).

  • Exponential eAt = I + At + (At)2 12! + ...

    has derivative AeAt; eAt u(O) solves u' = Au.

  • Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).

    A factorization of the Fourier matrix Fn into e = log2 n matrices Si times a permutation. Each Si needs only nl2 multiplications, so Fnx and Fn-1c can be computed with ne/2 multiplications. Revolutionary.

  • Full column rank r = n.

    Independent columns, N(A) = {O}, no free variables.

  • Least squares solution X.

    The vector x that minimizes the error lie 112 solves AT Ax = ATb. Then e = b - Ax is orthogonal to all columns of A.

  • Linearly dependent VI, ... , Vn.

    A combination other than all Ci = 0 gives L Ci Vi = O.

  • Normal matrix.

    If N NT = NT N, then N has orthonormal (complex) eigenvectors.

  • Positive definite matrix A.

    Symmetric matrix with positive eigenvalues and positive pivots. Definition: x T Ax > 0 unless x = O. Then A = LDLT with diag(D» O.

  • Random matrix rand(n) or randn(n).

    MATLAB creates a matrix with random entries, uniformly distributed on [0 1] for rand and standard normal distribution for randn.

  • Solvable system Ax = b.

    The right side b is in the column space of A.

  • Stiffness matrix

    If x gives the movements of the nodes, K x gives the internal forces. K = ATe A where C has spring constants from Hooke's Law and Ax = stretching.

  • Sum V + W of subs paces.

    Space of all (v in V) + (w in W). Direct sum: V n W = to}.

  • Toeplitz matrix.

    Constant down each diagonal = time-invariant (shift-invariant) filter.

  • Trace of A

    = sum of diagonal entries = sum of eigenvalues of A. Tr AB = Tr BA.

  • Triangle inequality II u + v II < II u II + II v II.

    For matrix norms II A + B II < II A II + II B II·

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