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# Solutions for Chapter 4.3: Models Utilizing Linear Programming with Two Variables

## Full solutions for Finite Mathematics, Binder Ready Version: An Applied Approach | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780470876398

Solutions for Chapter 4.3: Models Utilizing Linear Programming with Two Variables

Solutions for Chapter 4.3
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##### ISBN: 9780470876398

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Finite Mathematics, Binder Ready Version: An Applied Approach, edition: 11. Finite Mathematics, Binder Ready Version: An Applied Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470876398. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 29 problems in chapter 4.3: Models Utilizing Linear Programming with Two Variables have been answered, more than 16168 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4.3: Models Utilizing Linear Programming with Two Variables includes 29 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Math Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
• Augmented matrix [A b].

Ax = b is solvable when b is in the column space of A; then [A b] has the same rank as A. Elimination on [A b] keeps equations correct.

• Column space C (A) =

space of all combinations of the columns of A.

• Determinant IAI = det(A).

Defined by det I = 1, sign reversal for row exchange, and linearity in each row. Then IAI = 0 when A is singular. Also IABI = IAIIBI and

• Diagonal matrix D.

dij = 0 if i #- j. Block-diagonal: zero outside square blocks Du.

• Distributive Law

A(B + C) = AB + AC. Add then multiply, or mUltiply then add.

• Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).

A factorization of the Fourier matrix Fn into e = log2 n matrices Si times a permutation. Each Si needs only nl2 multiplications, so Fnx and Fn-1c can be computed with ne/2 multiplications. Revolutionary.

• Fourier matrix F.

Entries Fjk = e21Cijk/n give orthogonal columns FT F = nI. Then y = Fe is the (inverse) Discrete Fourier Transform Y j = L cke21Cijk/n.

• Fundamental Theorem.

The nullspace N (A) and row space C (AT) are orthogonal complements in Rn(perpendicular from Ax = 0 with dimensions rand n - r). Applied to AT, the column space C(A) is the orthogonal complement of N(AT) in Rm.

• Identity matrix I (or In).

Diagonal entries = 1, off-diagonal entries = 0.

• Indefinite matrix.

A symmetric matrix with eigenvalues of both signs (+ and - ).

• Independent vectors VI, .. " vk.

No combination cl VI + ... + qVk = zero vector unless all ci = O. If the v's are the columns of A, the only solution to Ax = 0 is x = o.

• Inverse matrix A-I.

Square matrix with A-I A = I and AA-l = I. No inverse if det A = 0 and rank(A) < n and Ax = 0 for a nonzero vector x. The inverses of AB and AT are B-1 A-I and (A-I)T. Cofactor formula (A-l)ij = Cji! detA.

• Outer product uv T

= column times row = rank one matrix.

• Pascal matrix

Ps = pascal(n) = the symmetric matrix with binomial entries (i1~;2). Ps = PL Pu all contain Pascal's triangle with det = 1 (see Pascal in the index).

• Plane (or hyperplane) in Rn.

Vectors x with aT x = O. Plane is perpendicular to a =1= O.

• Rank one matrix A = uvT f=. O.

Column and row spaces = lines cu and cv.

• Similar matrices A and B.

Every B = M-I AM has the same eigenvalues as A.

• Symmetric matrix A.

The transpose is AT = A, and aU = a ji. A-I is also symmetric.

• Tridiagonal matrix T: tij = 0 if Ii - j I > 1.

T- 1 has rank 1 above and below diagonal.