×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Math - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Math - Textbook Survival Guide

Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Using the Definitions of the Trigonometric Functions

Full solutions for Trigonometry | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780134217437

Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Using the Definitions of the Trigonometric Functions

Solutions for Chapter 1.4
4 5 0 272 Reviews
23
4
Textbook: Trigonometry
Edition: 11
Author: Margaret L. Lial, John Hornsby, David I. Schneider, Callie Daniels
ISBN: 9780134217437

Since 110 problems in chapter 1.4: Using the Definitions of the Trigonometric Functions have been answered, more than 23229 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Trigonometry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134217437. Chapter 1.4: Using the Definitions of the Trigonometric Functions includes 110 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Trigonometry, edition: 11. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Math Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Block matrix.

    A matrix can be partitioned into matrix blocks, by cuts between rows and/or between columns. Block multiplication ofAB is allowed if the block shapes permit.

  • Cholesky factorization

    A = CTC = (L.J]))(L.J]))T for positive definite A.

  • Column space C (A) =

    space of all combinations of the columns of A.

  • Complete solution x = x p + Xn to Ax = b.

    (Particular x p) + (x n in nullspace).

  • Condition number

    cond(A) = c(A) = IIAIlIIA-III = amaxlamin. In Ax = b, the relative change Ilox III Ilx II is less than cond(A) times the relative change Ilob III lib II· Condition numbers measure the sensitivity of the output to change in the input.

  • Diagonalization

    A = S-1 AS. A = eigenvalue matrix and S = eigenvector matrix of A. A must have n independent eigenvectors to make S invertible. All Ak = SA k S-I.

  • Fundamental Theorem.

    The nullspace N (A) and row space C (AT) are orthogonal complements in Rn(perpendicular from Ax = 0 with dimensions rand n - r). Applied to AT, the column space C(A) is the orthogonal complement of N(AT) in Rm.

  • Incidence matrix of a directed graph.

    The m by n edge-node incidence matrix has a row for each edge (node i to node j), with entries -1 and 1 in columns i and j .

  • Jordan form 1 = M- 1 AM.

    If A has s independent eigenvectors, its "generalized" eigenvector matrix M gives 1 = diag(lt, ... , 1s). The block his Akh +Nk where Nk has 1 's on diagonall. Each block has one eigenvalue Ak and one eigenvector.

  • Matrix multiplication AB.

    The i, j entry of AB is (row i of A)·(column j of B) = L aikbkj. By columns: Column j of AB = A times column j of B. By rows: row i of A multiplies B. Columns times rows: AB = sum of (column k)(row k). All these equivalent definitions come from the rule that A B times x equals A times B x .

  • Network.

    A directed graph that has constants Cl, ... , Cm associated with the edges.

  • Orthogonal matrix Q.

    Square matrix with orthonormal columns, so QT = Q-l. Preserves length and angles, IIQxll = IIxll and (QX)T(Qy) = xTy. AlllAI = 1, with orthogonal eigenvectors. Examples: Rotation, reflection, permutation.

  • Permutation matrix P.

    There are n! orders of 1, ... , n. The n! P 's have the rows of I in those orders. P A puts the rows of A in the same order. P is even or odd (det P = 1 or -1) based on the number of row exchanges to reach I.

  • Pivot columns of A.

    Columns that contain pivots after row reduction. These are not combinations of earlier columns. The pivot columns are a basis for the column space.

  • Projection matrix P onto subspace S.

    Projection p = P b is the closest point to b in S, error e = b - Pb is perpendicularto S. p 2 = P = pT, eigenvalues are 1 or 0, eigenvectors are in S or S...L. If columns of A = basis for S then P = A (AT A) -1 AT.

  • Rank r (A)

    = number of pivots = dimension of column space = dimension of row space.

  • Right inverse A+.

    If A has full row rank m, then A+ = AT(AAT)-l has AA+ = 1m.

  • Simplex method for linear programming.

    The minimum cost vector x * is found by moving from comer to lower cost comer along the edges of the feasible set (where the constraints Ax = b and x > 0 are satisfied). Minimum cost at a comer!

  • Skew-symmetric matrix K.

    The transpose is -K, since Kij = -Kji. Eigenvalues are pure imaginary, eigenvectors are orthogonal, eKt is an orthogonal matrix.

  • Symmetric matrix A.

    The transpose is AT = A, and aU = a ji. A-I is also symmetric.

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Math - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Math - Textbook Survival Guide
×
Reset your password