 18.18.1: (I) (a) What is the average translational kinetic energy of anoxyge...
 18.18.2: (I) Calculate the rms speed of helium atoms near thesurface of the ...
 18.18.3: (I) By what factor will the rms speed of gas moleculesincrease if t...
 18.18.4: (I) A gas is at 20 C. To what temperature must it be raisedto tripl...
 18.18.5: (I) What speed would a 1.0g paper clip have if it had thesame kine...
 18.18.6: (I) A 1.0mol sample of hydrogen gas has a temperature of27C. (a) W...
 18.18.7: (I) Twelve molecules have the following speeds, given inarbitrary u...
 18.18.8: (II) The rms speed of molecules in a gas at 20.0 C is to beincrease...
 18.18.9: (II) If the pressure in a gas is tripled while its volume isheld co...
 18.18.10: (II) Show that the rms speed of molecules in a gas is givenby ^rms ...
 18.18.11: (II) Show that for a mixture of two gases at the sametemperature, t...
 18.18.12: (II) What is the rms speed of nitrogen molecules containedin an 8.5...
 18.18.13: (II) (a) For an ideal gas at temperature T show that^rms _ 1 ^rmsdT...
 18.18.14: (II) What is the average distance between oxygen moleculesat STP?
 18.18.15: (II) Two isotopes of uranium, 235U and 238U (the superscriptsrefer ...
 18.18.16: Can pockets of vacuum persist in an ideal gas? Assumethat a room is...
 18.18.17: "(II) Calculate (a) the rms speed of a nitrogen molecule at 0Cand (...
 18.18.18: (Ill) Estimate how many air molecules rebound from awall in a typic...
 18.18.19: (I) If you double the mass of the molecules in a gas, is itpossible...
 18.18.20: (I) A group of 25 particles have the following speeds: twohave spee...
 18.18.21: (II) A gas consisting of 15,200 molecules, each of mass2.00 X 10 26...
 18.18.22: (Ill) Starting from the Maxwell distribution of speeds,Eq. 186, sh...
 18.18.23: (I) C 0 2 exists in what phase when the pressure is 30 atmand the t...
 18.18.24: (I) (a) At atmospheric pressure, in what phases can C 0 2exist? (b)...
 18.18.25: 2 be a liquid? Refer to Fig. 186.25. f n Water is in which nhase w...
 18.18.26: (II) You have a sample of water and are able to control temperature...
 18.18.27: (I) What is the partial pressure of water vapor at 30C if thehumidi...
 18.18.28: (I) What is the partial pressure of water on a day when thetemperat...
 18.18.29: (I) What is the air pressure at a place where water boils at80C?
 18.18.30: (II) What is the dew point if the humidity is 75% on a daywhen the ...
 18.18.31: (II) If the air pressure at a particular place in the mountainsis 0...
 18.18.32: (II) What is the mass of water in a closed room5.0 m X 6.0 m X 2.4 ...
 18.18.33: (II) What is the approximate pressure inside a pressure cookerif th...
 18.18.34: (II) If the humidity in a room of volume 440 m3 at 25C is 65%,what ...
 18.18.35: (II) A pressure cooker is a sealed pot designed to cook foodwith th...
 18.18.36: (II) When using a mercury barometer (Section 136), thevapor pressu...
 18.18.37: If the humidity is 45% at 30.0C, what is the dew point?Use linear i...
 18.18.38: (Ill) Air that is at its dew point of 5C is drawn into abuilding wh...
 18.18.39: (Ill) What is the mathematical relation between watersboiling tempe...
 18.18.40: (II) In the van der Waals equation of state, the constant brepresen...
 18.18.41: (II) For oxygen gas, the van der Waals equation of stateachieves it...
 18.18.42: (Ill) A 0.5mol sample of 0 2 gas is in a large cylinder with amova...
 18.18.43: (Ill) (a) From the van der Waals equation of state, showthat the cr...
 18.18.44: How well does the ideal gas law describe the pressurizedair in a sc...
 18.18.45: (II) At about what pressure would the mean free path of airmolecule...
 18.18.46: (II) Below a certain threshold pressure, the air molecules(0.3nm d...
 18.18.47: (II) A very small amount of hydrogen gas is released intothe air. I...
 18.18.48: (II) (a) The mean free path of C 0 2 molecules at STP ismeasured to...
 18.18.49: (II) (a) Show that the number of collisions a moleculemakes per sec...
 18.18.50: (II) We saw in Example 188 that the mean free path of airmolecules...
 18.18.51: (II) A cubic box 1.80 m on a side is evacuated so thepressure of ai...
 18.18.52: (Ill) Estimate the maximum allowable pressure in a 32cmlongcathode...
 18.18.53: (I) Approximately how long would it take for the ammoniaof Example ...
 18.18.54: (II) Estimate the time needed for a glycine molecule (seeTable 183...
 18.18.55: (II) Oxygen diffuses from the surface of insects to theinterior thr...
 18.18.56: A sample of ideal gas must contain at least N 106 moleculesin order...
 18.18.57: In outer space the density of matter is about one atom percm3, main...
 18.18.58: Calculate approximately the total translational kineticenergy of al...
 18.18.59: (a) Estimate the rms speed of an amino acid, whose molecularmass is...
 18.18.60: The escape speed from the Earth is 1.12 X 104m/s, so thata gas mole...
 18.18.61: The second postulate of kinetic theory is that the moleculesare, on...
 18.18.62: A sample of liquid cesium is heated in an oven to 400 Cand the resu...
 18.18.63: Consider a container of oxygen gas at a temperature of20C that is 1...
 18.18.64: In humid climates, people constantly dehumidify their cellars topre...
 18.18.65: Assuming a typical nitrogen or oxygen molecule is about0.3 nm in di...
 18.18.66: A scuba tank has a volume of 3100 cm3. For very deep dives,the tank...
 18.18.67: A space vehicle returning from the Moon enters the atmosphereat a s...
 18.18.68: At room temperature, it takes approximately 2.45 X 103 Jto evaporat...
 18.18.69: Calculate the total water vapor pressure in the air on thefollowing...
 18.18.70: At 300 K, an 8.50mol sample of carbon dioxide occupies avolume of ...
 18.18.71: The density of atoms, mostly hydrogen, in interstellar space isabou...
 18.18.72: Using the ideal gas law, find an expression for the mean freepath t...
 18.18.73: A sauna has 8.5 m3 of air volume, and the temperature is90C. The ai...
 18.18.74: A 0.50kg trashcan lid is suspended against gravity by tennisballs...
 18.18.75: Sound waves in a gas can only propagate if the gasmolecules collide...
 18.18.76: (II) Use a spreadsheet to calculate and graph the fraction ofmolecu...
 18.18.77: (II) Use numerical integration [Section 29] to estimate (within2%)...
 18.18.78: (II) For oxygen gas the van der Waals constants area = 0.14 N m4/mo...
Solutions for Chapter 18: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Full solutions for Physics for Scientists & Engineers with Modern Physics  4th Edition
ISBN: 9780131495081
Solutions for Chapter 18: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Get Full SolutionsThis textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics for Scientists & Engineers with Modern Physics, edition: 4. Since 78 problems in chapter 18: Kinetic Theory of Gases have been answered, more than 41378 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. Physics for Scientists & Engineers with Modern Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780131495081. Chapter 18: Kinetic Theory of Gases includes 78 full stepbystep solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree