 5.1P: Let the system be one mole of argon gas at room temperature and atm...
 5.2P: Consider the production of ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen,N2 + ...
 5.3P: Use the data at the back of this book to verify the values of ?H an...
 5.4P: In a hydrogen fuel cell, the steps of the chemical reaction areat –...
 5.5P: Consider a fuel cell that uses methane (“natural gas”) as fuel. The...
 5.6P: A muscle can be thought of as a fuel cell, producing work from the ...
 5.7P: The metabolism of a glucose molecule (see previous problem) occurs ...
 5.8P: Derive the thermodynamic identity for G (below equation), and from ...
 5.9P: Sketch a qualitatively accurate graph of G vs. T for a pure substan...
 5.10P: Suppose you have a mole of water at 25°C and atmospheric pressure. ...
 5.11P: Suppose that a hydrogen fuel cell, as described in the text, is to ...
 5.12P: Functions encountered in physics are generally well enough behaved ...
 5.13P: Use a Maxwell relation from the previous problem 1 and the third la...
 5.14P: The partialderivative relations derived in 1, 4, and 5, plus a bit...
 5.15P: The formula for CP – CV derived in the previous problem 1 can also ...
 5.16P: A formula analogous to that for CP – CV relates the isothermal and ...
 5.17P: The enthalpy and Gibbs free energy, as defined in this section, giv...
 5.18P: Imagine that you drop a brick on the ground and it lands with a thu...
 5.19P: In the previous section I derived the formula (?F/?V)T = –P. Explai...
 5.20P: The first excited energy level of a hydrogen atom has an energy of ...
 5.21P: Is heat capacity (C) extensive or intensive? What about specific he...
 5.22P: Show that below equation is in agreement with the explicit formula ...
 5.23P: By subtracting ?N from U, H, F, or G, one can obtain four new therm...
 5.24P: Go through the arithmetic to verify that diamond becomes more stabl...
 5.25P: In working highpressure geochemistry problems it is usually more c...
 5.26P: How can diamond ever be more stable than graphite, when it has less...
 5.27P: Graphite is more compressible than diamond.(a) Taking compressibili...
 5.28P: Calcium carbonate, CaCO3, has two common crystalline forms, calcite...
 5.29P: Aluminum silicate. Al2SiO5, has three different crystalline forms: ...
 5.30P: Sketch qualitatively accurate graphs of G vs. T for the three phase...
 5.31P: Sketch qualitatively accurate graphs of G vs. P for the three phase...
 5.32P: The density of ice is 917 kg/m3.(a) Use the ClausiusClapeyron rela...
 5.33P: An inventor proposes to make a heat engine using water/ice as the w...
 5.34P: Below 0.3 K the slope of the 3He solidliquid phase boundary is neg...
 5.35P: The ClausiusClapeyron below relation is a differential equation th...
 5.36P: Effect of altitude on boiling water.(a) Use the result of the previ...
 5.37P: Use the data at the back of this book to calculate the slope of the...
 5.38P: In 1 and 2, you calculated the entropies of diamond and graphite at...
 5.39P: Consider again the aluminosilicate system treated in below Problem....
 5.40P: The methods of this section can also be applied to reactions in whi...
 5.41P: Suppose you have a liquid (say, water) in equilibrium with its gas ...
 5.42P: Ordinarily, the partial pressure of water vapour in the air is less...
 5.43P: Assume that the air you exhale is at 35°C, with a relative humidity...
 5.44P: Suppose that an unsaturated air mass is rising and cooling at the d...
 5.45P: In you calculated the atmospheric temperature gradient required for...
 5.46P: Everything in this section so far has ignored the boundary between ...
 5.47P: For a magnetic system held at constant T and H (see 1), the quantit...
 5.48P: As you can see from Figure 5.20, the critical point is the unique p...
 5.49P: Use the result of the previous problem and the approximate values o...
 5.50P: The compression factor of a fluid is defined as the ratio PV/NkT; t...
 5.51P: When plotting graphs and performing numerical calculations, it is c...
 5.52P: Plot the van der Waals isotherm for T/Tc = 0.95, working in terms o...
 5.53P: Repeat the below problem for T/Tc = 0.8.Problem:Plot the van der Wa...
 5.55P: In this problem you will investigate the behavior of a van der Waal...
 5.56P: Prove that the entropy of mixing of an ideal mixture has an infinit...
 5.59P: Suppose you cool a mixture of 50% nitrogen and 50% oxygen until it ...
 5.60P: Suppose you start with a liquid mixture of 60% nitrogen and 40% oxy...
 5.62P: Consider a completely miscible twocomponent system whose overall c...
 5.63P: Everything in this section assumes that the total pressure of the s...
 5.65P: In constructing the phase diagram from the free energy graphs in Fi...
 5.66P: Repeat the previous problem for the opposite case where the liquid ...
 5.68P: Plumber’s solder is composed of 67% lead and 33% tin by weight. Des...
 5.69P: What happens when you spread salt crystals over an icy sidewalk? Wh...
 5.70P: What happens when you add salt to the ice bath in an ice cream make...
 5.71P: Below Figure (left) shows the free energy curves at one particular ...
 5.73P: If below expression is correct, it must be extensive: Increasing bo...
 5.74P: Check that below equations 1 and 2, satisfy the identity G = NA?A +...
 5.76P: Seawater has a salinity of 3.5%, meaning that if you boil away a ki...
 5.77P: Osmotic pressure measurements can be used to determine the molecula...
 5.79P: Most pasta recipes instruct you to add a teaspoon of salt to a pot ...
 5.80P: Use the ClausiusClapeyron relation to derive below equation direct...
 5.81P: Derive a formula, similar to below equation, for the shift in the f...
 5.82P: Use the result of the below problem to calculate the freezing tempe...
 5.83P: Write down the equilibrium condition for each of the following reac...
 5.84P: A mixture of one part nitrogen and three parts hydrogen is heated, ...
 5.85P: Derive the van’t Hoff equation, which gives the dependence of the e...
 5.86P: Use the result of the previous problem to estimate the equilibrium ...
 5.87P: Sulfuric acid, H2SO4, readily dissociates into H+ and HSO?4 ions: T...
 5.89P: The standard enthalpy change upon dissolving one mole of oxygen at ...
 5.90P: When solid quartz “dissolves” in water, it combines with water mole...
 5.91P: When carbon dioxide “dissolves” in water, essentially all of it rea...
Solutions for Chapter 5: An Introduction to Thermal Physics 1st Edition
Full solutions for An Introduction to Thermal Physics  1st Edition
ISBN: 9780201380279
Solutions for Chapter 5
Get Full SolutionsThis textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: An Introduction to Thermal Physics , edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 5 includes 81 full stepbystep solutions. An Introduction to Thermal Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780201380279. Since 81 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 29448 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter.

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree