 18.1: The temperature of the water in a jar is raised by violently shakin...
 18.2: Whats the difference between heat and internal energy?
 18.3: Some water is tightly sealed in a perfectly insulated container. Is...
 18.4: Are the initial and final equilibrium states of an irreversible pro...
 18.5: Why cant an irreversible process be described by a path in a pV dia...
 18.6: Does the first law of thermodynamics apply to irreversible processes?
 18.7: A quasistatic process begins and ends at the same temperature. Is ...
 18.8: Figure 18.18 shows two processes, A and B, that connect the same in...
 18.9: When you let air out of a tire, the air seems cool. Why? What kind ...
 18.10: Blow on the back of your hand with your mouth wide open. Your breat...
 18.11: You boil water in an open pan. Of which of the four basic processes...
 18.12: Three identical gascylinder systems are compressed from the same i...
 18.13: Why is specific heat at constant pressure greater than at constant ...
 18.14: In what sense can a gas of diatomic molecules be considered an idea...
 18.15: In a perfectly insulated container, 1.0 kg of water is stirred vigo...
 18.16: In a closed but uninsulated container, 500 g of water are shaken vi...
 18.17: A 40W heat source is applied to a gas sample for 25 s, during whic...
 18.18: Find the rate of heat flow into a system whose internal energy is i...
 18.19: In a certain automobile engine, 17% of the total energy released in...
 18.20: An ideal gas expands from the state to the state where and The expa...
 18.21: Repeat Exercise 20 for a process that follows the path ACB in Fig. ...
 18.22: A balloon contains 0.30 mol of helium. It rises, while maintaining ...
 18.23: The balloon of Exercise 22 starts at 100 kPa pressure and rises to ...
 18.24: How much work does it take to compress 2.5 mol of an ideal gas to h...
 18.25: By what factor must the volume of a gas with be changed in an adiab...
 18.26: A gas mixture contains 2.5 mol of and 3.0 mol of Ar. What are this ...
 18.27: A mixture of monatomic and diatomic gases has specificheat ratio W...
 18.28: What should be the approximate specificheat ratio of a gas consist...
 18.29: By how much does the temperature of (a) an ideal monatomic gas and ...
 18.30: An ideal gas expands to 10 times its original volume, maintaining a...
 18.31: During cycling, the human body typically releases stored energy fro...
 18.32: A 0.25mol sample of ideal gas initially occupies 3.5 L. If it take...
 18.33: As the heart beats, blood pressure in an artery varies from a high ...
 18.34: It takes 600 J to compress a gas isothermally to half its original ...
 18.35: A gas undergoes an adiabatic compression during which its volume dr...
 18.36: A gas with is at 100 kPa pressure and occupies 5.00 L. (a) How much...
 18.37: A gas sample undergoes the cyclic process ABCA shown in Fig. 18.20,...
 18.38: Repeat taking AB as an adiabat and using specificheat ratio
 18.39: A gasoline engine has compression ratio 8.5 (see Example 18.3 for t...
 18.40: By what factor must the volume of a gas with be changed in an adiab...
 18.41: Volvos B5340 engine, used in the V70 series cars, has compression r...
 18.42: A gas expands isothermally from state A to state B, in the process ...
 18.43: A 2.0mol sample of ideal gas with molar specific heat is initially...
 18.44: Prove that the slope of an adiabat at a given point in a pV diagram...
 18.45: An ideal gas with starts at point A in Fig. 18.21, where its volume...
 18.46: The gas of Example 18.4 starts at state A in Fig. 18.14 and is comp...
 18.47: The gas of Example 18.4 starts at state A in Fig. 18.14 and is heat...
 18.48: A 25L sample of ideal gas with is at 250 K and 50 kPa. The gas is ...
 18.49: Show that the relation between pressure and temperature in an adiab...
 18.50: A 25L sample of ideal gas with is at 250 K and 50 kPa. The gas is ...
 18.51: Youre the product safety officer for a company that makes cycling a...
 18.52: Figure 18.22 shows data and a fit curve from an experimental measur...
 18.53: External forces compress 21 mol of ideal monatomic gas. During the ...
 18.54: A gas with is at 273 K when its compressed isothermally to onethir...
 18.55: An ideal gas with is initially at 273 K and 100 kPa. The gas is com...
 18.56: The curved path in Fig. 18.23 lies on the 350K isotherm for an ide...
 18.57: Repeat part (a) of for the path ACDA in Fig. 18.23. (b) How much he...
 18.58: A gas mixture contains monatomic argon and diatomic oxygen. An adia...
 18.59: How much of a triatomic gas with would you have to add to 10 mol of...
 18.60: An 8.5kg rock at is dropped into a wellinsulated vat containing a...
 18.61: A pistoncylinder arrangement containing 0.30 mol of nitrogen at hi...
 18.62: Experimental studies show that the pV curve for a frogs lung can be...
 18.63: Show that the application of Equation 18.3 to an adiabatic process ...
 18.64: A horizontal pistoncylinder system containing n mol of ideal gas i...
 18.65: Use the idealgas law to eliminate pressure in Equation 18.11a, and...
 18.66: Figure 18.24 shows the thermodynamic cycle of a diesel engine. As i...
 18.67: In a reversible process, a volume of air at pressure is compressed ...
 18.68: A real gas is more accurately described using the van der Waals equ...
 18.69: Repeat Exercise 20 for an expansion along the path
 18.70: The adiabatic lapse rate is the rate at which air cools as it rises...
 18.71: The nuclear power plant at which youre the public affairs manager h...
 18.72: Your class on alternative habitats is designing an underwater habit...
 18.73: The process the air undergoes as it descends the mountains is a. is...
 18.74: As the air descends, its internal energy a. increases. b. decreases...
 18.75: As the air descends, its volume a. increases by 50%. b. increases b...
 18.76: When the air reaches the plain, its temperature is approximately a....
Solutions for Chapter 18: Heat, Work, and the FirstLaw of Thermodynamics
Full solutions for Essential University Physics: Volume 1  2nd Edition
ISBN: 9780321706690
Solutions for Chapter 18: Heat, Work, and the FirstLaw of Thermodynamics
Get Full SolutionsEssential University Physics: Volume 1 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321706690. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Essential University Physics: Volume 1, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 76 problems in chapter 18: Heat, Work, and the FirstLaw of Thermodynamics have been answered, more than 23501 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: Heat, Work, and the FirstLaw of Thermodynamics includes 76 full stepbystep solutions.

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree