 38.1: Why do nuclei contain neutrons?
 38.2: Why are there no stable nuclei for sufficiently high atomic numbers?
 38.3: Why might future archaeologists have problems dating samples from t...
 38.4: Beta decay by positron emission is soon followed by a pair of 511k...
 38.5: Why would it have been easier to make bombs fueled with uranium235...
 38.6: Why are iodine131 and strontium90 particularly dangerous radioiso...
 38.7: Which model, liquiddrop or nuclear shell, does a better job explai...
 38.8: On an energyreleaseperunitmass basis, by approximately what fac...
 38.9: Explain and distinguish the roles of the control rods and moderator...
 38.10: Why is a watermoderated reactor intrinsically safer in a lossof c...
 38.11: Is fissionable? Is it fissile? Explain the distinction.
 38.12: Why are fission fragments necessarily radioactive?
 38.13: Three radon isotopes have 125, 134, and 136 neutrons. Write the sym...
 38.14: Write the symbol for the germanium isotope with 44 neutrons.
 38.15: How do (a) the number of nucleons and (b) the nuclear charge compar...
 38.16: Compare the radius of the proton (the A 1 nucleus) with the Bohr ra...
 38.17: A uranium235 nucleus splits into two roughly equalsize fragments....
 38.18: How many halflives will it take for the activity of a radioactive ...
 38.19: Copper64 can decay by any of the three betadecay processes. Write...
 38.20: Referring to Fig. 38.7, write equations describing the decays of (a...
 38.21: A milk sample shows iodine131 activity of 450 pCi/L. Whats its act...
 38.22: Carbon11labeled acetate shows promise in PET scans for determining...
 38.23: Nuclear bomb tests of the 1950s deposited a layer of strontium 90 ...
 38.24: Find the total binding energy of oxygen16, given its nuclear mass ...
 38.25: Determine the nuclear mass of nickel60, given that its binding ene...
 38.26: Find the nuclear mass of plutonium239, given its atomic mass of 23...
 38.27: The mass of a lithium7 nucleus is 7.01435 u. Find the binding ener...
 38.28: A nucleus undergoes neutroninduced fission, yielding three neutron...
 38.29: Neutroninduced fission of yields fission products iodine 139 and ...
 38.30: Write a complete equation for neutroninduced fission of plutonium...
 38.31: Assuming 200 MeV per fission, determine the number of fission event...
 38.32: Verify from Equations 38.9 that the protonproton cycle yields net e...
 38.33: In a magneticconfinement fusion device with confinement time 0.5 s...
 38.34: Inertial confinement schemes generally involve confinement times on...
 38.35: What confinement time is required for the DT Lawson criterion in t...
 38.36: To what diameter would Earth have to collapse to be at nuclear dens...
 38.37: Find the energy needed to flip the spin state of a proton in Earths...
 38.38: An NMR spectrometer is described as a 300MHz instrument, meaning 3...
 38.39: Iron56, with nuclear mass 55.9206 u, is among the most tightly bou...
 38.40: Find the atomic mass of iridium193, whose binding energy is 7.94 M...
 38.41: As a geologist, youre assessing the feasibility of determining the ...
 38.42: You measure the activity of a radioactive sample at 2.4 MBq. Thirty...
 38.43: Youre a home inspector, and you find radon222 activity of 23 pCi/L...
 38.44: Nitrogen13 is a 10minhalflife isotope used to tag ammonia for P...
 38.45: Thorium232 is an emitter with 14billionyear halflife. Radium22...
 38.46: How much cobalt60 ( years) must be used to make a laboratory sourc...
 38.47: Archaeologists unearth a bone and find its carbon14 content is 34%...
 38.48: Show that the decay constant and halflife are related by
 38.49: The table below lists reported levels of iodine131 contamination i...
 38.50: How many atoms are in a radioactive sample with activity 12 Bq and ...
 38.51: Analysis of a Moon rock shows that 82% of its initial K40 has deca...
 38.52: Youre assessing the safety of an airport bombdetection system in w...
 38.53: Brachytherapy is a cancer treatment involving implantation of radio...
 38.54: Today, uranium235 comprises only 0.72% of natural uranium; essenti...
 38.55: Youre a geologist assessing underground sites for nuclear waste sto...
 38.56: Oxygen15 is produced in a hospitals cyclotron. What should the ini...
 38.57: How much would be needed to fuel the reactor of Exercise 31 for 1 y...
 38.58: How much uranium235 would be consumed in a fission bomb with a 20...
 38.59: A neutron collides elastically headon with a stationary deuteron i...
 38.60: A buildup of fission products poisons a reactor, dropping the multi...
 38.61: The total thermal power generated in a nuclear power reactor is 1.5...
 38.62: New Hampshires Seabrook nuclear power plant produces electrical ene...
 38.63: In the dangerous situation of prompt criticality in a fission react...
 38.64: How much heavy water (deuterium oxide, or ) would be needed to fuel...
 38.65: The protonproton cycle consumes four protons while producing about ...
 38.66: Youre enthusiastic about fusion energy, and you want to convince ot...
 38.67: In a further effort to convince others of the benefits of fusion en...
 38.68: The atomic masses of uranium238 and thorium234 are 238.050784 u a...
 38.69: Bismuth209 and chromium54 combine to form a heavy nucleus plus a ...
 38.70: Its possible, though difficult, to realize alchemists dreams of syn...
 38.71: Nickel65 beta decays by electron emission with decay constant (a) ...
 38.72: The dominant naturally occurring radioisotopes in the typical human...
 38.73: A laserfusion fuel pellet has mass 5.0 mg and consists of equal pa...
 38.74: Of the neutrons emitted in each fission event in a lightwater reac...
 38.75: In the liquiddrop model, the mass of a nucleus with mass number A ...
 38.76: The probability that a radioactive nucleus will have lifetime t is ...
 38.77: Nucleus A decays into B with decay constant and B decays into a sta...
 38.78: (a) Example 38.6 explains that the number of fission events in a ch...
 38.79: A family member is about to have a brain scan using technetium 99*...
 38.80: At the time of the Oklo fission reaction, the actual amount of U23...
 38.81: Given U238s 4.5billionyear halflife, the percentage of U235 in...
 38.82: The power output of the fission reactions at Oklo was 10 to 100 kW....
 38.83: At the Oklo site today, you would expect to find measurable amounts...
Solutions for Chapter 38: Nuclear Physics
Full solutions for Essential University Physics: Volume 1  2nd Edition
ISBN: 9780321706690
Solutions for Chapter 38: Nuclear Physics
Get Full SolutionsChapter 38: Nuclear Physics includes 83 full stepbystep solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Essential University Physics: Volume 1, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Essential University Physics: Volume 1 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321706690. Since 83 problems in chapter 38: Nuclear Physics have been answered, more than 32719 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter.

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