 15.1CQ: Describe the photo of the tea kettle at the beginning of this secti...
 15.1PE: What is the change in internal energy of a car if you put 12.0 gal ...
 15.2CQ: The first law of thermodynamics and the conservation of energy, as ...
 15.2PE: How much heat transfer occurs from a system, if its internal energy...
 15.3CQ: Heat transfer Q and work done W are always energy in transit, where...
 15.3PE: A system does 1.80 × 108 J of work while 7.50 × 108 J of heat trans...
 15.4CQ: How do heat transfer and internal energy differ? In particular, whi...
 15.4PE: What is the change in internal energy of a system which does 4.50 ×...
 15.5CQ: If you run down some stairs and stop, what happens to your kinetic ...
 15.5PE: Suppose a woman does 500 J of work and 9500 J of heat transfer occu...
 15.6CQ: Give an explanation of how food energy (calories) can be viewed as ...
 15.6PE: (a) How much food energy will a man metabolize in the process of do...
 15.7CQ: Identify the type of energy transferred to your body in each of the...
 15.7PE: (a) What is the average metabolic rate in watts of a man who metabo...
 15.8CQ: A great deal of effort, time, and money has been spent in the quest...
 15.8PE: (a) How long will the energy in a 1470kJ (350kcal) cup of yogurt ...
 15.9CQ: One method of converting heat transfer into doing work is for heat ...
 15.9PE: (a) A woman climbing the Washington Monument metabolizes 6.00 × 102...
 15.10CQ: Would the previous question make any sense for an isochoric process...
 15.10PE: A car tire contains 0.0380 m3 of air at a pressure of 2.20×105 N/m2...
 15.11CQ: We ordinarily say that ?U = 0 for an isothermal process. Does this ...
 15.11PE: A heliumfilled toy balloon has a gauge pressure of 0.200 atm and a...
 15.12CQ: The temperature of a rapidly expanding gas decreases. Explain why i...
 15.12PE: Steam to drive an oldfashioned steam locomotive is supplied at a c...
 15.13PE: A handdriven tire pump has a piston with a 2.50cm diameter and a ...
 15.14CQ: A real process may be nearly adiabatic if it occurs over a very sho...
 15.14PE: Calculate the net work output of a heat engine following path ABCDA...
 15.15CQ: It is unlikely that a process can be isothermal unless it is a very...
 15.15PE: What is the net work output of a heat engine that follows path ABDA...
 15.16CQ: Imagine you are driving a car up Pike’s Peak in Colorado. To raise ...
 15.16PE: Unreasonable Results What is wrong with the claim that a cyclical h...
 15.17CQ: Is a temperature difference necessary to operate a heat engine? Sta...
 15.18CQ: Definitions of efficiency vary depending on how energy is being con...
 15.18PE: Construct Your Own a car’s gasoline engine. Construct a problem in ...
 15.19CQ: Why—other than the fact that the second law of thermodynamics says ...
 15.19PE: Construct Your Own a car trip into the mountains. Construct a probl...
 15.20PE: A certain heat engine does 10.0 kJ of work and 8.50 kJ of heat tran...
 15.21CQ: Can improved engineering and materials be employed in heat engines ...
 15.21PE: With 2.56 × 106 J of heat transfer into this engine, a given cyclic...
 15.22CQ: Does the second law of thermodynamics alter the conservation of ene...
 15.22PE: (a) What is the work output of a cyclical heat engine having a 22.0...
 15.23CQ: Explain why heat pumps do not work as well in very cold climates as...
 15.23PE: (a) What is the efficiency of a cyclical heat engine in which 75.0 ...
 15.24CQ: In some Northern European nations, homes are being built without he...
 15.44P: Solution 44P : Step 1: Here, we have to write the equilibrium expre...
 15.24PE: The engine of a large ship does 2.00 × 108 J of work with an effici...
 15.25CQ: Why do refrigerators, air conditioners, and heat pumps operate most...
 15.25PE: (a) How much heat transfer occurs to the environment by an electric...
 15.26CQ: Grocery store managers contend that there is less total energy cons...
 15.26PE: Assume that the turbines at a coalpowered power plant were upgrade...
 15.27CQ: Can you cool a kitchen by leaving the refrigerator door open?
 15.27PE: This problem compares the energy output and heat transfer to the en...
 15.28CQ: A woman shuts her summer cottage up in September and returns in Jun...
 15.28PE: A certain gasoline engine has an efficiency of 30.0%. What would th...
 15.29CQ: Consider a system with a certain energy content, from which we wish...
 15.29PE: A gascooled nuclear reactor operates between hot and cold reservoi...
 15.30CQ: Does a gas become more orderly when it liquefies? Does its entropy ...
 15.30PE: (a) What is the hot reservoir temperature of a Carnot engine that h...
 15.31CQ: Explain how water’s entropy can decrease when it freezes without vi...
 15.31PE: Steam locomotives have an efficiency of 17.0% and operate with a ho...
 15.32CQ: Is a uniformtemperature gas more or less orderly than one with sev...
 15.32PE: Practical steam engines utilize 450ºC steam, which is later exhaust...
 15.33CQ: Give an example of a spontaneous process in which a system becomes ...
 15.33PE: A coalfired electrical power station has an efficiency of 38%. The...
 15.34CQ: What is the change in entropy in an adiabatic process? Does this im...
 15.34PE: Would you be willing to financially back an inventor who is marketi...
 15.35CQ: Does the entropy of a star increase or decrease as it radiates? Doe...
 15.35PE: Unreasonable Results(a) Suppose you want to design a steam engine t...
 15.36CQ: Explain why a building made of bricks has smaller entropy than the ...
 15.36PE: Unreasonable ResultsCalculate the cold reservoir temperature of a s...
 15.37CQ: Explain why a building made of bricks has smaller entropy than the ...
 15.37PE: What is the coefficient of performance of an ideal heat pump that h...
 15.38PE: Suppose you have an ideal refrigerator that cools an environment at...
 15.39PE: What is the best coefficient of performance possible for a hypothet...
 15.40PE: In a very mild winter climate, a heat pump has heat transfer from a...
 15.41PE: (a) What is the best coefficient of performance for a heat pump tha...
 15.42PE: (a) What is the best coefficient of performance for a refrigerator ...
 15.43PE: Suppose you want to operate an ideal refrigerator with a cold tempe...
 15.44PE: An ideal heat pump is being considered for use in heating an enviro...
 15.45PE: A 4ton air conditioner removes 5.06 × 107 J (48,000 British therma...
 15.46PE: Show that the coefficients of performance of refrigerators and heat...
 15.47PE: (a) On a winter day, a certain house loses 5.00×108 J of heat to th...
 15.48PE: On a hot summer day, 4.00 × 106 J of heat transfer into a parked ca...
 15.49PE: A hot rock ejected from a volcano’s lava fountain cools from 1100º ...
 15.50PE: When 1.60 × 105 J of heat transfer occurs into a meat pie initially...
 15.51PE: The Sun radiates energy at the rate of 3.80 × 1026 W from its 5500º...
 15.52PE: (a) In reaching equilibrium, how much heat transfer occurs from 1.0...
 15.53PE: What is the decrease in entropy of 25.0 g of water that condenses o...
 15.54PE: Find the increase in entropy of 1.00 kg of liquid nitrogen that sta...
 15.55PE: A large electrical power station generates 1000 MW of electricity w...
 15.56PE: (a) How much heat transfer occurs from 20.0 kg of 90.0º C water pla...
 15.57PE: Using Table 15.4, verify the contention that if you toss 100 coins ...
 15.58PE: What percent of the time will you get something in the range from 6...
 15.59PE: (a) If tossing 100 coins, how many ways (microstates) are there to ...
 15.60PE: (a) What is the change in entropy if you start with 100 coins in th...
 15.61PE: (a) What is the change in entropy if you start with 10 coins in the...
 15.62PE: (a) If you toss 10 coins, what percent of the time will you get the...
 15.63PE: (a) Construct a table showing the macrostates and all of the indivi...
 15.64PE: In an air conditioner, 12.65 MJ of heat transfer occurs from a cold...
Solutions for Chapter 15: College Physics 1st Edition
Full solutions for College Physics  1st Edition
ISBN: 9781938168000
Solutions for Chapter 15
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Key Physics Terms and definitions covered in this textbook

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree