 18.7P: · · A basketball player does 2.43 × 105 J of work during her time i...
 18.8CQ: An ideal gas Is held in an insulated container at the temperature T...
 18.99PP: If we go deeper for colder water, where the temperature is only 2.0...
 18.8P: IP One mole of an ideal monatomic gas is initially at a temperature...
 18.9CQ: Which of the following processes are approximately reversible? (a) ...
 18.9P: · · IP Energy from Gasoline Burning a gallon of gasoline releases 1...
 18.10CQ: Which law of thermodynamics would be violated if heat were to spont...
 18.11CQ: Heat engines always give off a certain amount of heat to a lowtemp...
 18.11P: An ideal gas is taken through the three processes shown in Figure. ...
 18.14CQ: Which law of thermodynamics is most pertinent to the statement that...
 18.14P: An ideal gas is compressed at constant pressure to onehalf its ini...
 18.1CQ: If an engine has a reverse gear, does this make it reversible?
 18.1P: CE Give the change in internal energy of a system if (a) W = 50 J, ...
 18.2CQ: The temperature of a substance is held fixed. Is it possible for he...
 18.2P: CE A gas expands, doing 100 J of work. How much heat must be added ...
 18.3CQ: A substance is thermally insulated, so that no heat can flow betwee...
 18.3P: A swimmer does 6.7 × 105 J of work and gives off 4.1 × 105 J of hea...
 18.4CQ: Heat is added to a substance. Is it safe to conclude that the tempe...
 18.4P: When 1210 Jof heat are added to one mole of an ideal monatomic gas,...
 18.5CQ: The temperature of a substance is increased. Is it safe to conclude...
 18.5P: Three different processes act on a system. (a) In process A, 42 J o...
 18.6CQ: Are there thermodynamic processes in which all the heat absorbed by...
 18.6P: An ideal gas is taken through the four processes shown in Figure. T...
 18.7CQ: Is it possible to convert a given amount of mechanical work complet...
 18.10P: A cylinder contains 4.0 moles of a monatomic gas at an initial temp...
 18.12CQ: A heat pump uses 100 J of energy as it operates for a given time. I...
 18.12P: CE Figure shows three different multi step processes, labeled A, B,...
 18.13CQ: If you clean up a messy room, putting things back where they belong...
 18.13P: A system consisting of an ideal gas at the constant pressure of 110...
 18.15CQ: Which has more entropy: (a) popcorn kernels, or the resulting popco...
 18.15P: As an ideal gas expands at constant pressure from a volume of 0.74 ...
 18.16P: The volume of a monatomic ideal gas doubles in an isothermal expans...
 18.17P: IP (a) If the internal energy of a system increases as the result o...
 18.18P: (a) Find the work done by a monatomic ideal gas as it expands from ...
 18.19P: IP A fluid expands from point A to point B along the path shown in ...
 18.20P: IP If 8.00 moles of a monatomic ideal gas at a temperature of 245 K...
 18.21P: Suppose 145 moles of a monatomic ideal gas undergo an isothermal ex...
 18.22P: IP A system consisting of 121 moles of a monatomic ideal gas underg...
 18.23P: IP (a) A monatomic ideal gas expands at constant pressure. Is heat ...
 18.24P: During an adiabatic process, the temperature of 3.92 moles of a mon...
 18.25P: An ideal gas follows the threepart process shown in Figure. At the...
 18.26P: With the pressure held constant at 210 kPa, 49 mol of a monatomic i...
 18.28P: A gas is contained in a cylinder with a pressure of 140 kPa and an ...
 18.29P: A system expands by 0.75m3 at a constant pressure of 125 kPa. Find ...
 18.30P: IP An ideal monatomic gas is held in a perfectly insulated cylinder...
 18.31P: A certain amount of a monatomic ideal gas undergoes the process sho...
 18.32P: An ideal gas doubles its volume in one of three different ways: (i)...
 18.33P: CE Predict/Explain You plan to add a certain amount of heat to a ga...
 18.34P: Find the amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of 3.5 m...
 18.35P: (a) If 535 J of heat are added to 45 moles of a monatomic gas at co...
 18.36P: A system consists of 2.5 mol of an ideal monatomic gas at 325 K. Ho...
 18.37P: Find the change in temperature if 170 J of heat are added to 2.8 mo...
 18.38P: IP A cylinder contains 18 moles of a monatomic ideal gas at a const...
 18.39P: · · IP The volume of a monatomic ideal gas doubles in an adiabatic ...
 18.40P: A monatomic ideal gas is held in a thermally insulated container wi...
 18.41P: Consider the expansion of 60.0 moles of a monatomic ideal gas along...
 18.42P: Referring to 41, suppose the gas is expanded along processes 3 and ...
 18.43P: CE A Carnot engine operates between a hot reservoir at the Kelvin t...
 18.44P: · CE A Carnot engine can be operated with one of the following four...
 18.45P: What is the efficiency of an engine that exhausts 870 J of heat in ...
 18.46P: An engine receives 690 J of heat from a hot reservoir and gives off...
 18.47P: A Carnot engine operates between the temperatures 410 K and 290 K. ...
 18.48P: A nuclear power plant has a reactor that produces heat at the rate ...
 18.49P: At a coalburning power plant a steam turbine is operated with a po...
 18.50P: IP If a heat engine does 2700 J of work with an efficiency of 0.18,...
 18.51P: IP The efficiency of a particular Carnot engine is 0.300. (a) If th...
 18.52P: During each cycle a reversible engine absorbs 2500 J of heat from a...
 18.53P: The operating temperatures for a Carnot engine are Tc and Th = Tc +...
 18.54P: A certain Carnot engine takes in the heat Qh and exhausts the heat ...
 18.55P: CE Predict/Explain (a) If the temperature in the kitchen is decreas...
 18.56P: The refrigerator in your kitchen does 480 J of work to remove 110 J...
 18.57P: A refrigerator with a coefficient of performance of 1.75 absorbs 3....
 18.58P: To keep a room at a comfortable 21.0 °C, a Carnot heat pump does 34...
 18.59P: · · An air conditioner is used to keep the interior of a house at a...
 18.60P: A reversible refrigerator has a coefficient of performance equal to...
 18.61P: A freezer has a coefficient of performance equal to 4.0. How much e...
 18.62P: If a Carnot engine has an efficiency of 0.23, what is its coefficie...
 18.63P: CE Predict/Explain (a) If you rub your hands together, does the ent...
 18.64P: Predict/Explain (a) An ideal gas is expanded slowly and isothermall...
 18.65P: Predict/Explain (a) A gas is expanded reversibly and a diabarically...
 18.66P: Find the change in entropy when 1.85 kg of water at 100 °C is boile...
 18.67P: Determine the change in entropy that occurs when 3.1 kg of water fr...
 18.68P: · CEYou heat a pan of water on the stove. Rank the following temper...
 18.69P: On a cold winter's day heat leaks slowly out of a house at the rate...
 18.70P: · An 88kg parachutist descends through a vertical height of 380 m ...
 18.71P: IP Consider the airconditioning system described in 59. (a) Does t...
 18.72P: A heat engine operates between a hightemperature reservoir at 610 ...
 18.73GP: CE An ideal gas is held in an insulated container at the temperatur...
 18.74GP: CE Consider the threeprocess cycle shown in Figure. For each proce...
 18.75GP: CE An ideal gas has the pressure and volume indicated by point I in...
 18.76GP: Find the work done by a monatomic ideal gas on each of the three mu...
 18.77GP: Heat is added to a 0.14kg block of ice at 0 °C, increasing its ent...
 18.78GP: The heat that goes into a particular Carnot engine is 4.00 times gr...
 18.79GP: IP Consider 132 moles of a monatomic gas undergoing the isothermal ...
 18.80GP: · · IP Consider a monatomic ideal gas that undergoes the four proce...
 18.81GP: · · IP Referring to Figure, suppose 60.0 moles of a monatomic ideal...
 18.82GP: IP Engine A has an efficiency of 66%. Engine B absorbs the same amo...
 18.83GP: A freezer with a coefficient of performance of 3.88 is used to conv...
 18.84GP: Suppose 1800 J of heat are added to 3.6 mol of argon gas at a const...
 18.85GP: Entropy and the Sun The surface of the Sun has a temperature of 550...
 18.86GP: The following table lists results for various processes involving n...
 18.87GP: · · A cylinder with a movable piston holds 2.75 mol of argon at a c...
 18.88GP: An inventor claims a new cyclic engine that uses organic grape juic...
 18.89GP: A nonreversible heat engine operates between a hightemperature res...
 18.90GP: IP A small dish containing 530 g of water is placed outside for the...
 18.91GP: IP An ideal gas is taken through the three processes shown in Figur...
 18.92GP: Which would make the greater change in the efficiency of a Carnot h...
 18.93GP: One mole of an ideal monatomic gas follows the threepart cycle sho...
 18.94GP: When a heat Q is added to a monatomic ideal gas at constant pressur...
 18.95GP: The Carnot Cycle Figure shows an example of a Carnot cycle. The cyc...
 18.96GP: A Carnot engine and a Carnot refrigerator operate between the same ...
 18.97PP: Suppose an OTEC system operates with surface water at 22 °C and dee...
 18.98PP: If 1500 kg of water at 22 °C is cooled to 4.0 °C, how much energy i...
 18.100IP: · · IP Referring to Active Example 18–3 Suppose we lower the temper...
 18.101IP: · · IP Referring to Active Example 18–3 Suppose the temperature of ...
Solutions for Chapter 18: Physics with MasteringPhysics 4th Edition
Full solutions for Physics with MasteringPhysics  4th Edition
ISBN: 9780321541635
Solutions for Chapter 18
Get Full SolutionsPhysics with MasteringPhysics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321541635. Since 115 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 389714 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics with MasteringPhysics, edition: 4. Chapter 18 includes 115 full stepbystep solutions.

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parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree