 30.31P: (II) The isotope is 218.008973 u.
 30.32P: (II) The nuclide decays by emitting an electron whose maximum kinet...
 30.33P: (II) A photon with a wavelength of 1.15 X 1013 m is ejected from a...
 30.34P: (II) How much recoil energy does a nucleus get when it emits a 1.46...
 30.35P: (II) Determine the maximum kinetic energy of ?+ particles released ...
 30.36P: (III) Show that when a nucleus decays by ?+ decay, the total energy...
 30.37P: (III) When decays, the particle emitted has 4.20 MeV of kinetic ene...
 30.38P: (I) (a) What is the decay constant of whose halflife is 4.5 X 109 ...
 30.39P: (I) A radioactive material produces 1120 decays per minute at one t...
 30.40P: (I) What fraction of a sample of whose halflife is about 9 months,...
 30.41P: (I) What is the activity of a sample of that contains 6.5 X 1020 nu...
 30.42P: (I) What fraction of a radioactive sample is left after exactly 5 h...
 30.43P: (II) The iodine isotope is used in hospitals for diagnosis of thyro...
 30.44P: (II) How many nuclei of remain in a rock if the activity registers ...
 30.45P: (II) In a series of decays, the nuclide How many ? and ? particles...
 30.46P: (II) has a halflife of 30.8 s. (a) If we have 8.7 µg initially, ho...
 30.47P: (II) Calculate the mass of a sample of pure is 1.248 X 109 yr.
 30.48P: (II) Calculate the activity of a pure 6.7 µg sample of
 30.49P: (II) A sample of contains 4.50 X 1018 nuclei.(a) What is the decay ...
 30.50P: (II) The activity of a sample drops by a factor of 6.0 in 9.4 minut...
 30.51P: (II) A 345g sample of pure carbon contains 1.3 parts in 1012 (atom...
 30.52P: (II) A sample of is decaying at a rate of 4.20 X 102 decays/s. What...
 30.53P: (II) Rubidiumstrontium dating. The rubidium isotope a emitter with...
 30.54P: (II) Two of the naturally occurring radioactive decay sequences sta...
 30.55P: (II) An ancient wooden club is found that contains 73 g of carbon a...
 30.56P: (II) Use Fig. 30–11 and calculate the relative decay rates for deca...
 30.57P: (III) The activity of a radioactive source decreases by 5.5% in 31....
 30.58P: (III) decays with a halflife of about 53 d. It is produced in the ...
 30.59P: (III) At t =0, a pure sample of radioactive nuclei contains N0 nucl...
 30.60GP: Which radioactive isotope of lead is being produced if themeasured ...
 30.62GP: A neutron star consists of neutrons at approximatelynuclear density...
 30.61GP: An old wooden tool is found to contain only 4.5% of the that an equ...
 30.63GP: Tritium dating. The isotope of hydrogen, which iscalled tritium (be...
 30.64GP: Some elementary particle theories (Section 32–11) suggestthat the p...
 30.65GP: The original experiments which established that an atomhas a heavy,...
 30.66GP: How long must you wait (in halflives) for a radioactivesample to d...
 30.67GP: If the potassium isotope gives 42 decays/s in a liter ofmilk, estim...
 30.68GP: Strontium90 is produced as a nuclear fission product ofuranium in ...
 30.69GP: The activity of a sample of is is 4.28 X 104decays per second. What...
 30.70GP: The nuclide decays with ? energy of 0.14 MeVaccompanied by ? rays ...
 30.71GP: Determine the activities of (a) 1.0 g of ( = 8.02 days) and (b) 1.0...
 30.72GP: Use Fig. 30–1 to estimate the total binding energy forcopper and th...
 30.74GP: When water is placed near an intense neutron source, theneutrons ca...
 30.73GP: Instead of giving atomic masses for nuclides as inAppendix B, some ...
 30.75GP: The practical limit for carbon14 dating is about 60,000 years.If a...
 30.76GP: Using Section 30–2 and Appendix B, determine the energyrequired to ...
 30.77GP: (a) If all of the atoms of the Earth were to collapse andsimply bec...
 30.78GP: (a) A 72gram sample of natural carbon contains the usualfraction o...
 30.79GP: If the mass of the proton were just a little closer to themass of t...
 30.80GP: What is the ratio of the kinetic energies for an alpha particleand ...
 30.81GP: A 1.00g sample of natural samarium emits ? particles at arate of 1...
 30.82GP: Almost all of naturally occurring uranium is with ahalflife of 4.4...
 30.83GP: A banana contains about 420 mg of potassium, of which asmall fracti...
 30.84GP: When (mass = 22.9947 u) decays to (mass = 22.9898 u),what is the ma...
 30.85GP: (a) In ? decay of, say, a nucleus, show that thenucleus carries awa...
 30.86GP: Decay series, such as that shown in Fig. 30–11, can be classified i...
 30.1COQ: If half of an 80?g sample of is left in 10.6 years?(a) 10 ?g.(b) 4...
 30.1MCQ: Elements of the Periodic Table are distinguished by(a) the number o...
 30.1P: (I) A pi meson has a mass of 139Me V/c2. What is this in atomic mas...
 30.1Q: What do different isotopes of a given element have in common? How a...
 30.1SL: Describe in detail why we think there is a strong nuclear force.
 30.2MCQ: A nucleus has(a) more energy than its component neutrons and proton...
 30.2P: (I) What is the approximate radius of an particle
 30.2Q: What are the elements represented by the X in the following:
 30.2SL: (a) Under what circumstances could a fermium nucleus decay into an ...
 30.3MCQ: Which of the following will generally create a more stable nucleus?...
 30.3P: (I) By what % is the radius of greater than the radius of
 30.3Q: How many protons and how many neutrons do each of the isotopes in Q...
 30.3SL: Using the uncertainty principle and the radius of a nucleus, estima...
 30.4MCQ: There are 82 protons in a lead nucleus. Why doesn’t the lead nucleu...
 30.4P: (II) (a) What is the approximate radius of a nucleus? (b) Approxima...
 30.4Q: Identify the element that has 87 nucleons and 50 neutrons.
 30.4SL: In Fig. 30–17, a nucleus decays and emits a particle that enters a ...
 30.5MCQ: The halflife of a radioactive nucleus is(a) half the time it takes...
 30.5P: (II) What is the mass of a bare ? particle (without electrons) Me V...
 30.5Q: Why are the atomic masses of many elements (see the Periodic Table)...
 30.5SL: In both internal conversion and ? decay, an electron is emitted. Ho...
 30.6MCQ: As a radioactive sample decays,(a) the halflife increases.(b) the ...
 30.6P: (II) Suppose two alpha particles were held together so they were ju...
 30.6Q: Why are atoms much more likely to emit an alpha particle than to em...
 30.6SL: Suppose we discovered that several thousand years ago cosmic rays h...
 30.7MCQ: If the halflife of a radioactive sample is 10 years, then it shoul...
 30.7P: (II) (a) What would be the radius of the Earth if it had its actual...
 30.7Q: What are the similarities and the differences between the strong nu...
 30.7SL: In 1991, the frozen remains of a Neolithicage man, nicknamed Otzi,...
 30.8MCQ: A sample’s halflife is 1 day. What fraction of the original sample...
 30.8P: (II) What stable nucleus has approximately half the radius of a ura...
 30.8Q: What is the experimental evidence in favor of radioactivity being a...
 30.9MCQ: After three halflives, what fraction of the original radioactive m...
 30.8SL: Some radioactive isotopes have halflives that are greater than the...
 30.9P: (II) If an alpha particle were released from rest near the surface ...
 30.9Q: The isotope is unusual in that it can decay by and emission. What i...
 30.10P: (II) (a) What is the fraction of the hydrogen atom’s mass that is i...
 30.10Q: A nucleus decays via decay to a nucleus containing how many neutrons?
 30.11MCQ: A material having which decay constant would have the shortest half...
 30.11P: (II) Approximately how many nucleons are there in a 1.0kg object? ...
 30.11Q: Describe, in as many ways as you can, the difference between rays.
 30.12MCQ: Uranium238 decays to lead206 through a series of(a) alpha decays....
 30.12P: (III) How much kinetic energy, in MeV, must an particle have to jus...
 30.12Q: Fill in the missing particle or nucleus:
 30.13MCQ: Carbon dating is useful only for determining the age ofobjects less...
 30.13P: (I) Estimate the total binding energy for using Fig. 30–1.
 30.14MCQ: Radon has a halflife of about 1600 years. The Earth is several bil...
 30.14P: (I) Use Fig. 30–1 to estimate the total binding energy of
 30.14Q: When a nucleus undergoes either decay, what happens to the energy l...
 30.15MCQ: How does an atom’s nucleus stay together and remain stable?(a) The ...
 30.15Q: The alpha particles from a given alphaemitting nuclide are general...
 30.15P: (II) Calculate the binding energy per nucleon for a nucleus, using ...
 30.16MCQ: What has greater mass?(a) A neutron and a proton that are far from ...
 30.16P: (II) Use Appendix B to calculate the binding energy of (deuterium).
 30.17P: (II) Determine the binding energy of the last neutron in a nucleus.
 30.17Q: Can hydrogen or deuterium emit an particle? Explain.
 30.16Q: Do isotopes that undergo electron capture generally lie above or be...
 30.18P: (II) Calculate the total binding energy, and the binding energy per...
 30.19P: (II) Compare the average binding energy of a nucleon in to that in ...
 30.19Q: An isotope has a halflife of one month. After two months, will a g...
 30.20P: (III) How much energy is required to remove (a) a proton, (b) a neu...
 30.20Q: Why are none of the elements with Z > 92 stable?
 30.21P: (III) (a) Show that the nucleus is unstable and will decay into two...
 30.21Q: A proton strikes particle and another particle are released.What is...
 30.22P: (I) The nucleus has an excited state 0.48 MeV above the ground stat...
 30.22Q: Can dating be used to measure the age of stone walls and tablets of...
 30.23P: (II) Show that the decay is not possible because energy would not b...
 30.23Q: Explain the absence of emitters in the radioactive decay series of ...
 30.24P: (II) Calculate the energy released when tritium, decays by ? emiss...
 30.24Q: As decays into how many alpha and beta particles are emitted? Does ...
 30.25P: (II) What is the maximum kinetic energy of an electron emitted in t...
 30.25Q: A nucleus (initially at rest) decays into a nucleus and an alpha pa...
 30.27P: (II) is radioactive. (a) Is it a emitter? (b) Write down the decay ...
 30.26P: (II) Give the result of a calculation that shows whether or not the...
 30.28P: (II) A nucleus emits an particle with kinetic energy =4.20 Me V.(a)...
 30.29P: (II) Calculate the maximum kinetic energy of the ? particle emitted...
 30.30EA: Determine how much less the mass of nucleus is compared to that of ...
 30.30EC: decays by emission to what element? (a) Pb, (b) Gd, (c) Sm, (d) Er,...
 30.30EB: Determine the binding energy per nucleon for
 30.30ED: The halflife of is 2.6 years. How much will be left of a pureimg s...
 30.30EE: Return to the ChapterOpening Question, page 857, and answer it aga...
 30.30P: (II) How much energy is released in electron capture by beryllium:
 30.30.1: A pi meson has a mass of What is this in atomic mass units?
 30.1: A pi meson has a mass of What is this in atomic mass units?
 30.30.2: What is the approximate radius of an particle A2 a 4 HeB?
 30.2: What is the approximate radius of an particle A2 a 4 HeB?
 30.30.3: By what % is the radius of greater than the radius of
 30.3: By what % is the radius of greater than the radius of
 30.30.4: (a) What is the approximate radius of a nucleus? (b) Approximately ...
 30.4: (a) What is the approximate radius of a nucleus? (b) Approximately ...
 30.30.5: What is the mass of a bare particle (without electrons) in MeVc2?
 30.5: What is the mass of a bare particle (without electrons) in MeVc2?
 30.30.6: Suppose two alpha particles were held together so they were just to...
 30.6: Suppose two alpha particles were held together so they were just to...
 30.30.7: (a) What would be the radius of the Earth if it had its actual mass...
 30.7: (a) What would be the radius of the Earth if it had its actual mass...
 30.30.8: What stable nucleus has approximately half the radius of a uranium ...
 30.8: What stable nucleus has approximately half the radius of a uranium ...
 30.30.9: If an alpha particle were released from rest near the surface of a ...
 30.9: If an alpha particle were released from rest near the surface of a ...
 30.30.10: (a) What is the fraction of the hydrogen atoms mass that is in the ...
 30.10: (a) What is the fraction of the hydrogen atoms mass that is in the ...
 30.30.11: Approximately how many nucleons are there in a 1.0kg object? Does ...
 30.11: Approximately how many nucleons are there in a 1.0kg object? Does ...
 30.30.12: How much kinetic energy, in MeV, must an particle have to just touc...
 30.12: How much kinetic energy, in MeV, must an particle have to just touc...
 30.30.13: Estimate the total binding energy for using Fig. 301
 30.13: Estimate the total binding energy for using Fig. 301
 30.30.14: Use Fig. 301 to estimate the total binding energy of (a) and (b) 84...
 30.14: Use Fig. 301 to estimate the total binding energy of (a) and (b) 84...
 30.30.15: Calculate the binding energy per nucleon for a nucleus, using Appen...
 30.15: Calculate the binding energy per nucleon for a nucleus, using Appen...
 30.30.16: Use Appendix B to calculate the binding energy of (deuterium)
 30.16: Use Appendix B to calculate the binding energy of (deuterium)
 30.30.17: Determine the binding energy of the last neutron in a nucleus.
 30.17: Determine the binding energy of the last neutron in a nucleus.
 30.30.18: Calculate the total binding energy, and the binding energy per nucl...
 30.18: Calculate the total binding energy, and the binding energy per nucl...
 30.30.19: Compare the average binding energy of a nucleon in to that in , usi...
 30.19: Compare the average binding energy of a nucleon in to that in , usi...
 30.30.20: How much energy is required to remove (a) a proton, (b) a neutron, ...
 30.20: How much energy is required to remove (a) a proton, (b) a neutron, ...
 30.30.21: (a) Show that the nucleus is unstable and will decay into two parti...
 30.21: (a) Show that the nucleus is unstable and will decay into two parti...
 30.30.22: The nucleus has an excited state 0.48 MeV above the ground state. W...
 30.22: The nucleus has an excited state 0.48 MeV above the ground state. W...
 30.30.23: Show that the decay is not possible because energy would not be con...
 30.23: Show that the decay is not possible because energy would not be con...
 30.30.24: Calculate the energy released when tritium, decays by emission
 30.24: Calculate the energy released when tritium, decays by emission
 30.30.25: What is the maximum kinetic energy of an electron emitted in the de...
 30.25: What is the maximum kinetic energy of an electron emitted in the de...
 30.30.26: Give the result of a calculation that shows whether or not the foll...
 30.26: Give the result of a calculation that shows whether or not the foll...
 30.30.27: is radioactive. (a) Is it a or emitter? (b) Write down the decay re...
 30.27: is radioactive. (a) Is it a or emitter? (b) Write down the decay re...
 30.30.28: A nucleus emits an particle with kinetic (a) What is the daughter n...
 30.28: A nucleus emits an particle with kinetic (a) What is the daughter n...
 30.30.29: Calculate the maximum kinetic energy of the particle emitted during...
 30.29: Calculate the maximum kinetic energy of the particle emitted during...
 30.30.30: How much energy is released in electron capture by beryllium
 30.30: How much energy is released in electron capture by beryllium
 30.30.31: The isotope can decay by either or emission. What is the energy rel...
 30.31: The isotope can decay by either or emission. What is the energy rel...
 30.30.32: The nuclide decays by emitting an electron whose maximum kinetic en...
 30.32: The nuclide decays by emitting an electron whose maximum kinetic en...
 30.30.33: A photon with a wavelength of is ejected from an atom. Calculate it...
 30.33: A photon with a wavelength of is ejected from an atom. Calculate it...
 30.30.34: How much recoil energy does a nucleus get when it emits a 1.46MeV ...
 30.34: How much recoil energy does a nucleus get when it emits a 1.46MeV ...
 30.30.35: Determine the maximum kinetic energy of particles released when dec...
 30.35: Determine the maximum kinetic energy of particles released when dec...
 30.36: Show that when a nucleus decays by decay, the total energy released...
 30.30.36: Show that when a nucleus decays by decay, the total energy released...
 30.37: When decays, the particle emitted has 4.20 MeV of kinetic energy. C...
 30.30.37: When decays, the particle emitted has 4.20 MeV of kinetic energy. C...
 30.38: (a) What is the decay constant of whose halflife is (b) The decay ...
 30.30.38: (a) What is the decay constant of whose halflife is (b) The decay ...
 30.39: A radioactive material produces 1120 decays per minute at one time,...
 30.30.39: A radioactive material produces 1120 decays per minute at one time,...
 30.40: What fraction of a sample of whose halflife is about 9 months, wil...
 30.30.40: What fraction of a sample of whose halflife is about 9 months, wil...
 30.41: What is the activity of a sample of that contains 6.5 * 1020 nuclei?
 30.30.41: What is the activity of a sample of that contains 6.5 * 1020 nuclei?
 30.42: What fraction of a radioactive sample is left after exactly 5 half...
 30.30.42: What fraction of a radioactive sample is left after exactly 5 half...
 30.43: The iodine isotope is used in hospitals for diagnosis of thyroid fu...
 30.30.43: The iodine isotope is used in hospitals for diagnosis of thyroid fu...
 30.44: How many nuclei of remain in a rock if the activity registers 420 d...
 30.30.44: How many nuclei of remain in a rock if the activity registers 420 d...
 30.45: In a series of decays, the nuclide becomes How many and particles a...
 30.30.45: In a series of decays, the nuclide becomes How many and particles a...
 30.46: has a halflife of 30.8 s. (a) If we have initially, how many Cs nu...
 30.30.46: has a halflife of 30.8 s. (a) If we have initially, how many Cs nu...
 30.47: Calculate the mass of a sample of pure with an initial decay rate o...
 30.30.47: Calculate the mass of a sample of pure with an initial decay rate o...
 30.48: Calculate the activity of a pure sample of
 30.30.48: Calculate the activity of a pure sample of
 30.49: A sample of contains (a) What is the decay constant? (b) Approximat...
 30.30.49: A sample of contains (a) What is the decay constant? (b) Approximat...
 30.50: The activity of a sample drops by a factor of 6.0 in 9.4 minutes. W...
 30.30.50: The activity of a sample drops by a factor of 6.0 in 9.4 minutes. W...
 30.51: A 345g sample of pure carbon contains 1.3 parts in (atoms) of How ...
 30.30.51: A 345g sample of pure carbon contains 1.3 parts in (atoms) of How ...
 30.52: A sample of is decaying at a rate of What is the mass of the sample?
 30.30.52: A sample of is decaying at a rate of What is the mass of the sample?
 30.53: Rubidium;strontium dating. The rubidium isotope a emitter with a ha...
 30.30.53: Rubidium;strontium dating. The rubidium isotope a emitter with a ha...
 30.54: Two of the naturally occurring radioactive decay sequences start wi...
 30.30.54: Two of the naturally occurring radioactive decay sequences start wi...
 30.55: An ancient wooden club is found that contains 73 g of carbon and ha...
 30.30.55: An ancient wooden club is found that contains 73 g of carbon and ha...
 30.56: Use Fig. 3011 and calculate the relative decay rates for decay of
 30.30.56: Use Fig. 3011 and calculate the relative decay rates for decay of
 30.57: The activity of a radioactive source decreases by 5.5% in 31.0 hour...
 30.30.57: The activity of a radioactive source decreases by 5.5% in 31.0 hour...
 30.58: decays with a halflife of about 53 d. It is produced in the upper ...
 30.30.58: decays with a halflife of about 53 d. It is produced in the upper ...
 30.59: At a pure sample of radioactive nuclei contains nuclei whose decay ...
 30.30.59: At a pure sample of radioactive nuclei contains nuclei whose decay ...
 30.60: Which radioactive isotope of lead is being produced if the measured...
 30.30.60: Which radioactive isotope of lead is being produced if the measured...
 30.61: An old wooden tool is found to contain only 4.5% of the that an equ...
 30.30.61: An old wooden tool is found to contain only 4.5% of the that an equ...
 30.62: A neutron star consists of neutrons at approximately nuclear densit...
 30.30.62: A neutron star consists of neutrons at approximately nuclear densit...
 30.63: Tritium dating. The isotope of hydrogen, which is called tritium (b...
 30.30.63: Tritium dating. The isotope of hydrogen, which is called tritium (b...
 30.64: Some elementary particle theories (Section 3211) suggest that the p...
 30.30.64: Some elementary particle theories (Section 3211) suggest that the p...
 30.65: The original experiments which established that an atom has a heavy...
 30.30.65: The original experiments which established that an atom has a heavy...
 30.66: How long must you wait (in halflives) for a radioactive sample to ...
 30.30.66: How long must you wait (in halflives) for a radioactive sample to ...
 30.67: If the potassium isotope gives in a liter of milk, estimate how muc...
 30.30.67: If the potassium isotope gives in a liter of milk, estimate how muc...
 30.68: Strontium90 is produced as a nuclear fission product of uranium in...
 30.30.68: Strontium90 is produced as a nuclear fission product of uranium in...
 30.69: The activity of a sample of is decays per second. What is the mass ...
 30.30.69: The activity of a sample of is decays per second. What is the mass ...
 30.70: The nuclide decays with energy of 0.14 MeV accompanied by rays of e...
 30.30.70: The nuclide decays with energy of 0.14 MeV accompanied by rays of e...
 30.71: Determine the activities of (a) 1.0 g of and (b)
 30.30.71: Determine the activities of (a) 1.0 g of and (b)
 30.72: Use Fig. 301 to estimate the total binding energy for copper and th...
 30.30.72: Use Fig. 301 to estimate the total binding energy for copper and th...
 30.73: Instead of giving atomic masses for nuclides as in Appendix B, some...
 30.30.73: Instead of giving atomic masses for nuclides as in Appendix B, some...
 30.74: When water is placed near an intense neutron source, the neutrons c...
 30.30.74: When water is placed near an intense neutron source, the neutrons c...
 30.75: The practical limit for carbon14 dating is about 60,000 years. If ...
 30.30.75: The practical limit for carbon14 dating is about 60,000 years. If ...
 30.76: Using Section 302 and Appendix B, determine the energy required to ...
 30.30.76: Using Section 302 and Appendix B, determine the energy required to ...
 30.77: (a) If all of the atoms of the Earth were to collapse and simply be...
 30.30.77: (a) If all of the atoms of the Earth were to collapse and simply be...
 30.78: (a) A 72gram sample of natural carbon contains the usual fraction ...
 30.30.78: (a) A 72gram sample of natural carbon contains the usual fraction ...
 30.30.79: If the mass of the proton were just a little closer to the mass of ...
 30.79: If the mass of the proton were just a little closer to the mass of ...
 30.30.80: What is the ratio of the kinetic energies for an alpha particle and...
 30.80: What is the ratio of the kinetic energies for an alpha particle and...
 30.30.81: A 1.00g sample of natural samarium emits particles at a rate of du...
 30.81: A 1.00g sample of natural samarium emits particles at a rate of du...
 30.30.82: Almost all of naturally occurring uranium is with a halflife of Mo...
 30.82: Almost all of naturally occurring uranium is with a halflife of Mo...
 30.30.83: A banana contains about 420 mg of potassium, of which a small fract...
 30.83: A banana contains about 420 mg of potassium, of which a small fract...
 30.30.84: When decays to what is the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted el...
 30.84: When decays to what is the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted el...
 30.30.85: (a) In decay of, say, a nucleus, show that the nucleus carries away...
 30.85: (a) In decay of, say, a nucleus, show that the nucleus carries away...
 30.30.86: Decay series, such as that shown in Fig. 3011, can be classified in...
 30.86: Decay series, such as that shown in Fig. 3011, can be classified in...
Solutions for Chapter 30: Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
Full solutions for Physics: Principles with Applications  7th Edition
ISBN: 9780321625922
Solutions for Chapter 30: Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
Get Full SolutionsChapter 30: Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity includes 310 full stepbystep solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Physics: Principles with Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321625922. Since 310 problems in chapter 30: Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity have been answered, more than 132950 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics: Principles with Applications, edition: 7.

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