 18.22E: A large organic molecule has a mass of 1.41 X 1021 kg. What is the...
 18.23DQ: If the rootmeansquare speed of the atoms of an ideal gas is to be...
 18.23E: Suppose you inherit 3.00 mol of gold from your uncle (an eccentric ...
 18.24DQ: (a) If you apply the same amount of heat to 1.00 mol of an ideal mo...
 18.24E: Modern vacuum pumps make it easy to attain pressures of the order o...
 18.25DQ: The discussion in Section 18.4 concluded that all ideal monatomic g...
 18.25E: The Lagoon Nebula (Fig. E18.24) is a cloud of hydrogen gas located ...
 18.26DQ: In a gas that contains N molecules, is it accurate to say that the ...
 18.26E: In a gas at standard conditions, what is the length of the side of ...
 18.27DQ: Imagine a special air filter placed in a window of a house. The tin...
 18.27E: How many moles are in a 1.00kg bottle of water? How many molecules...
 18.28DQ: A beaker of water at room temperature is placed in an enclosure, an...
 18.28E: How Close Together Are Gas Molecules? Consider an ideal gas at 27o ...
 18.29DQ: Ice is slippery to walk on, and especially slippery if you wear ice...
 18.29E: Consider 5.00 mol of liquid water. (a) What volume is occupied by t...
 18.30DQ: Hydrothermal vents are openings in the ocean floor that discharge v...
 18.30E: A flask contains a mixture of neon (Ne), krypton (Kr), and radon (R...
 18.31DQ: The dark areas on the moon’s surface are called maria, Latin for “s...
 18.31E: Gaseous Diffusion of Uranium. (a) A process called gaseous diffusio...
 18.48E: Prove that f(?) as given by Eq. (18.33) is maximum for ? = kT. Use ...
 18.32DQ: In addition to the normal cooking directions printed on the back of...
 18.32E: The ideas of average and rootmeansquare value can be applied to a...
 18.33E: We have two equalsize boxes, A and B. Each box contains gas that b...
 18.34E: A container with volume 1.48 L is initially Evaluated Then it is fi...
 18.35E: (a) A deuteron, is the nucleus of a hydrogen isotope and consists o...
 18.36E: Martian Climate. The atmosphere of Mars is mostly CO2 (molar mass 4...
 18.37E: Oxygen (O2) has a molar mass of 32.0 g/mol. What is (a) the average...
 18.38E: Calculate the mean free path of air molecules at a pressure of .
 18.39E: At what temperature is the rootmeansquare speed of nitrogen molec...
 18.40E: Smoke particles in the air typically have masses of the order of 10...
 18.41E: (a)How much heat does it take to increase the temperature of 2.50 m...
 18.42E: Perfectly rigid containers each hold n moles of ideal gas, one bein...
 18.43E: (a) Compute the specific heat at constant volume of nitrogen (N2) g...
 18.44E: (a) Calculate the specific heat at constant volume of water vapor, ...
 18.45E: (a)Use Eq. 18.28 to calculate the specific heat at constant volume ...
 18.46E: For a gas of nitrogen molecules(N2) what must the temperature be if...
 18.47E: For diatomic carbon dioxide gas (CO2, molar mass 44.0 g/mol) at T =...
 18.49E: Solid water (ice) is slowly warmed from a very low temperature. (a)...
 18.50E: Puffy cumulus clouds, which are made of water droplets, occur at lo...
 18.51E: The atmosphere of the planet Mars is 95.3% carbon dioxide (CO?) and...
 18.52E: A physics lecture room at 1.00 atm and 27.0o C has a volume of 216 ...
 18.53P: CP BIO The Effect of Altitude on the Lungs. (a) Calculate the chang...
 18.54P: CP BIO The Bends. If deepsea divers rise to the surface too quickl...
 18.55P: CP A hotair balloon stays aloft because hot air at atmospheric pre...
 18.56P: (a) Use Eq. (18.1) to estimate the change in the volume of a solid ...
 18.57P: A cylinder 1.00 m tall with inside diameter 0.120 m is used to hold...
 18.58P: CP During a test dive in 1939, prior to being accepted by the U.S. ...
 18.59P: Atmosphere of Titan. Titan, the largest satellite of Saturn, has a ...
 18.60P: Pressure on Venus. At the surface of Venus the average temperature...
 18.61P: An automobile tire has a volume of 0.0150 m3 on a cold day when the...
 18.62P: A flask with a volume of 1.50 L, provided with a stopcock, contain...
 18.63P: CP A balloon of volume 750 m3 is to be filled with hydrogen at atmo...
 18.64P: A vertical cylindrical tank contains 1.80 mol of an ideal gas under...
 18.65P: CP A large tank of water has a hose connected to it (Fig. P18.59). ...
 18.66P: BIO A person at rest inhales 0.50 L of air with each breath at a pr...
 18.67P: BIO How Many Atoms Are You? Estimate the number of atoms in the bod...
 18.68P: The size of an oxygen molecule is about 2.0 X 1010 m. Make a rough...
 18.69P: You have two identical containers, one containing gas A and the oth...
 18.70P: Insect Collisions. A cubical cage 1.25 m on each side contains 2500...
 18.71P: You blow up a spherical balloon to a diameter of 50.0 cm until the ...
 18.72P: CP (a) Compute the increase in gravitational potential energy for a...
 18.73P: The LennardJones Potential. A commonly used potentialenergy funct...
 18.74P: (a) What is the total random translational kinetic energy of 5.00 L...
 18.75P: The speed of propagation of a sound wave in air at 27°C is about 35...
 18.76P: Hydrogen on the Sun. The surface of the sun has a temperature of ab...
 18.77P: CP (a) Show that a projectile with mass m can “escape” from the sur...
 18.78P: Planetary Atmospheres. (a) The temperature near the top of Jupiter’...
 18.79P: (a) For what mass of molecule or particle is ?rms equal to 1.00 mm/...
 18.80P: In describing the heat capacities of solids in Section 18.4, we sta...
 18.81P: It is possible to make crystalline solids that are only one layer o...
 18.82P: (a) Calculate the total rotational kinetic energy of the molecules ...
 18.83P: For each polyatomic gas in Table 18.1, compute the value
 18.84P: (a) Show that is the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution of Eq. (18.32)....
 18.85P: Calculate the integral in Eq.(18.31) Eq.(18.16)
 18.86P: Calculate the integral in Eq.(18.30) Eq.(18.35)
 18.87P: (a) Explain why in a gas of N molecules, the number of molecules ha...
 18.88P: Meteorology. The vapor pressure is the pressure of the vapor phase ...
 18.89P: The Dew Point. The vapor pressure of water (see Problem) decreases ...
 18.90P: Altitude at Which Clouds Form. On a spring day in the midwestern Un...
 18.1DQ: Section 18.1 states that ordinarily, pressure, volume, and temperat...
 18.1E: A 20.0L tank contains 4.86 X 104 kg of helium at 18.0o C. The mol...
 18.2DQ: In the idealgas equation, could an equivalent Celsius temperature ...
 18.2E: Helium gas with a volume of 2.60 L, under a pressure of 0.180 atm a...
 18.3DQ: On a chilly morning you can “see your breath.” Can you really? What...
 18.3E: A cylindrical tank has a tightfitting piston that allows the volum...
 18.4DQ: When a car is driven some distance, the air pressure in the tires i...
 18.4E: A 3.00L tank contains air at 3.00 atm and 20.0o C. The tank is sea...
 18.5DQ: The coolant in an automobile radiator is kept at a pressure higher ...
 18.5E: Planetary Atmospheres. (a) Calculate the density of the atmosphere ...
 18.6DQ: Unwrapped food placed in a freezer experiences dehydration, known a...
 18.6E: You have several identical balloons. You experimentally determine t...
 18.7DQ: “Freezedrying” food involves the same process as “freezer burn,” r...
 18.7E: A Jaguar XK8 convertible has an eightcylinder engine. At the begin...
 18.8DQ: A group of students drove from their university (near sea level) up...
 18.8E: A welder using a tank of volume 0.0750 m3 fills it with oxygen (mol...
 18.9DQ: How does evaporation of perspiration from your skin cool your body?
 18.9E: A large cylindrical tank contains 0.750 m3 of nitrogen gas at 27o C...
 18.10DQ: A rigid, perfectly insulated container has a membrane dividing its ...
 18.10E: An empty cylindrical canister 1.50 m long and 90.0 cm in diameter i...
 18.11DQ: (a) Which has more atoms: a kilogram of hydrogen or a kilogram of l...
 18.11E: The gas inside a balloon will always have a pressure nearly equal t...
 18.12DQ: Use the concepts of the kineticmolecular model to explain: (a) why...
 18.12E: Deviations from the IdealGas Equation. For carbondioxide gas (CO2)...
 18.13DQ: The proportions of various gases in the earth’s atmosphere change s...
 18.13E: If a certain amount of ideal gas occupies a volume V at STP on eart...
 18.14DQ: on the following statement: When two gases are mixed, if they are t...
 18.14E: A diver observes a bubble of air rising from the bottom of a lake (...
 18.15DQ: The kineticmolecular model contains a hidden assumption about the ...
 18.15E: A metal tank with volume 3.10 L will burst if the absolute pressure...
 18.16DQ: The temperature of an ideal gas is directly proportional to the ave...
 18.16E: Three moles of an ideal gas are in a rigid cubical boxwith sides of...
 18.17DQ: If the pressure of an ideal monatomic gas is increased while the nu...
 18.17E: With the assumptions of Example 18.4 (Section 18.1), at what altitu...
 18.18DQ: In deriving the idealgas equation from the kinetic molecular mode...
 18.18E: Make the same assumptions as in Example 18.4 (Section 18.1). How do...
 18.19DQ: The derivation of the idealgas equation included the assumption th...
 18.19E: (a) Calculate the mass of nitrogen present in a volume of 3000 cm3 ...
 18.20DQ: A gas storage tank has a small leak. The pressure in the tank drops...
 18.20E: With the assumption that the air temperature is a uniform 0.0°C (as...
 18.21DQ: Consider two specimens of ideal gas at the same temperature. Specim...
 18.21E: At an altitude of 11,000 m (a typical cruising altitude for a jet a...
 18.22DQ: The temperature of an ideal monatomic gas is increased from 25o C t...
 18.18.1: A 20.0L tank contains of helium at The molar mass of helium is (a)...
 18.18.2: Helium gas with a volume of 2.60 L, under a pressure of 0.180 atm a...
 18.18.3: A cylindrical tank has a tightfitting piston that allows the volum...
 18.18.4: A 3.00L tank contains air at 3.00 atm and The tank is sealed and c...
 18.18.5: Planetary Atmospheres. (a) Calculate the density of the atmosphere ...
 18.18.6: You have several identical balloons. You experimentally determine t...
 18.18.7: A Jaguar XK8 convertible has an eightcylinder engine. At the begin...
 18.18.8: A welder using a tank of volume fills it with oxygen at a gauge pre...
 18.18.9: A large cylindrical tank contains of nitrogen gas at and (absolute ...
 18.18.10: An empty cylindrical canister 1.50 m long and 90.0 cm in diameter i...
 18.18.11: The gas inside a balloon will always have a pressure nearly equal t...
 18.18.12: Deviations from the IdealGas Equation. For carbon dioxide gas the ...
 18.18.13: If a certain amount of ideal gas occupies a volume V at STP on eart...
 18.18.14: A diver observes a bubble of air rising from the bottom of a lake (...
 18.18.15: A metal tank with volume 3.10 L will burst if the absolute pressure...
 18.18.16: Three moles of an ideal gas are in a rigid cubical box with sides o...
 18.18.17: With the assumptions of Example 18.4 (Section 18.1), at what altitu...
 18.18.18: Make the same assumptions as in Example 18.4 (Section 18.1). How do...
 18.18.19: (a) Calculate the mass of nitrogen present in a volume of if the te...
 18.18.20: With the assumption that the air temperature is a uniform 0.0C (as ...
 18.18.21: At an altitude of 11,000 m (a typical cruising altitude for a jet a...
 18.18.22: A large organic molecule has a mass of What is the molar mass of th...
 18.18.23: Suppose you inherit 3.00 mol of gold from your uncle (an eccentric ...
 18.18.24: Modern vacuum pumps make it easy to attain pressures of the order o...
 18.18.25: The Lagoon Nebula (Fig. E18.25) is a cloud of hydrogen gas located ...
 18.18.26: In a gas at standard conditions, what is the length of the side of ...
 18.18.27: How many moles are in a 1.00kg bottle of water? How many molecules...
 18.18.28: How Close Together Are Gas Molecules? Consider an ideal gas at and ...
 18.18.29: Consider 5.00 mol of liquid water. (a) What volume is occupied by t...
 18.18.30: A flask contains a mixture of neon (Ne), krypton (Kr), and radon (R...
 18.18.31: Gaseous Diffusion of Uranium. (a) A process called gaseous diffusio...
 18.18.32: The ideas of average and rootmeansquare value can be applied to a...
 18.18.33: We have two equalsize boxes, A and B. Each box contains gas that b...
 18.18.34: A container with volume 1.48 L is initially evacuated. Then it is f...
 18.18.35: (a) A deuteron, is the nucleus of a hydrogen isotope and consists o...
 18.18.36: Martian Climate. The atmosphere of Mars is mostly (molar mass ) und...
 18.18.37: (a) Oxygen has a molar mass of What is the average translational ki...
 18.18.38: Calculate the mean free path of air molecules at a pressure of and ...
 18.18.39: At what temperature is the rootmeansquare speed of nitrogen molec...
 18.18.40: Smoke particles in the air typically have masses of the order of Th...
 18.18.41: (a) How much heat does it take to increase the temperature of 2.50 ...
 18.18.42: Perfectly rigid containers each hold n moles of ideal gas, one bein...
 18.18.43: (a) Compute the specific heat at constant volume of nitrogen gas, a...
 18.18.44: (a) Calculate the specific heat at constant volume of water vapor, ...
 18.18.45: (a) Use Eq. 18.28 to calculate the specific heat at constant volume...
 18.18.46: For a gas of nitrogen molecules what must the temperature be if 94....
 18.18.47: For diatomic carbon dioxide gas ) at calculate (a) the most probabl...
 18.18.48: CALC Prove that as given by Eq. (18.33) is maximum for Use this res...
 18.18.49: Solid water (ice) is slowly warmed from a very low temperature. (a)...
 18.18.50: Puffy cumulus clouds, which are made of water droplets, occur at lo...
 18.18.51: The atmosphere of the planet Mars is 95.3% carbon dioxide and about...
 18.18.52: A physics lecture room has a volume of . (a) For a pressure of 1.00...
 18.18.53: CP BIO The Effect of Altitude on the Lungs. (a) Calculate the chang...
 18.18.54: The Bends. If deepsea divers rise to the surface too quickly, nitr...
 18.18.55: A hotair balloon stays aloft because hot air at atmospheric pressu...
 18.18.56: (a) Use Eq. (18.1) to estimate the change in the volume of a solid ...
 18.18.57: A cylinder 1.00 m tall with inside diameter 0.120 m is used to hold...
 18.18.58: During a test dive in 1939, prior to being accepted by the U.S. Nav...
 18.18.59: Atmosphere of Titan. Titan, the largest satellite of Saturn, has a ...
 18.18.60: Pressure on Venus. At the surface of Venus the average temperature ...
 18.18.61: An automobile tire has a volume of on a cold day when the temperatu...
 18.18.62: A flask with a volume of 1.50 L, provided with a stopcock, contains...
 18.18.63: A balloon whose volume is is to be filled with hydrogen at atmosphe...
 18.18.64: A vertical cylindrical tank contains 1.80 mol of an ideal gas under...
 18.18.65: A large tank of water has a hose connected to it, as shown in Fig. ...
 18.18.66: A person at rest inhales 0.50 L of air with each breath at a pressu...
 18.18.67: How Many Atoms Are You? Estimate the number of atoms in the body of...
 18.18.68: The size of an oxygen molecule is about Make a rough estimate of th...
 18.18.69: You have two identical containers, one containing gas A and the oth...
 18.18.70: Insect Collisions. A cubical cage 1.25 m on each side contains 2500...
 18.18.71: You blow up a spherical balloon to a diameter of 50.0 cm until the ...
 18.18.72: (a) Compute the increase in gravitational potential energy for a ni...
 18.18.73: CP, CALC The LennardJones Potential. A commonly used potentialene...
 18.18.74: (a) What is the total random translational kinetic energy of 5.00 L...
 18.18.75: The speed of propagation of a sound wave in air at is about Calcula...
 18.18.76: Hydrogen on the Sun. The surface of the sun has a temperature of ab...
 18.18.77: CP (a) Show that a projectile with mass m can escape from the surfa...
 18.18.78: Planetary Atmospheres. (a) The temperature near the top of Jupiters...
 18.18.79: (a) For what mass of molecule or particle is equal to at 300 K? (b)...
 18.18.80: In describing the heat capacities of solids in Section 18.4, we sta...
 18.18.81: It is possible to make crystalline solids that are only one layer o...
 18.18.82: (a) Calculate the total rotational kinetic energy of the molecules ...
 18.18.83: For each polyatomic gas in Table 18.1, compute the value of the mol...
 18.18.84: CALC (a) Show that where is the MaxwellBoltzmann distribution of Eq...
 18.18.85: CALC Calculate the integral in Eq. (18.31), and compare this result...
 18.18.86: CALC Calculate the integral in Eq. (18.30), and compare this result...
 18.18.87: CALC (a) Explain why in a gas of N molecules, the number of molecul...
 18.18.88: Meteorology. The vapor pressure is the pressure of the vapor phase ...
 18.18.89: The Dew Point. The vapor pressure of water (see 18.88) decreases as...
 18.18.90: Altitude at Which Clouds Form. On a spring day in the midwestern Un...
 18.18.91: CP Dark Nebulae and the Interstellar Medium. The dark area in Fig. ...
 18.18.92: CALC Earths Atmosphere. In the troposphere, the part of the atmosph...
 18.18.93: In Example 18.7 (Section 18.3) we saw that It is not difficult to s...
Solutions for Chapter 18: Sears and Zemansky's University Physics with Modern Physics 13th Edition
Full solutions for Sears and Zemansky's University Physics with Modern Physics  13th Edition
ISBN: 9780321696861
Solutions for Chapter 18
Get Full SolutionsThis textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Sears and Zemansky's University Physics with Modern Physics, edition: 13. Chapter 18 includes 215 full stepbystep solutions. Since 215 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 297600 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Sears and Zemansky's University Physics with Modern Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696861.

//
parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree