 15.8P: An ideal gas expands at a constant total pressure of 3.0 atm from 4...
 15.8Q: Would a definition of heat engine efficiency as e = W/QL be useful?...
 15.23P: A Carnot engine performs work at the rate of 440 kW while using 680...
 15.24P: A Carnot engine’s operating temperatures are 210°C and 45°C. The en...
 15.25P: A certain power plant puts out 550 MW of electric power. Estimate t...
 15.53GP: A 4cylinder gasoline engine has an efficiency of 0.25 and delivers...
 15.54GP: A “Carnot” refrigerator (the reverse of a Carnot engine) absorbs he...
 15.55GP: It has been suggested that a heat engine could be developed that ma...
 15.11P: The PV diagram in Fig. 15–23 shows two possible states of a system ...
 15.11Q: The oceans contain a tremendous amount of thermal (internal) energy...
 15.12P: When a gas is taken from a to c along the curved path in Fig. 15–24...
 15.29P: The low temperature of a freezer cooling coil is –15°C, and the dis...
 15.30P: An ideal refrigeratorfreezer operates with a COP = 7.0 in a 24°C r...
 15.31P: A restaurant refrigerator has a coefficient of performance of 5.0. ...
 15.3P: (I) One liter of air is cooled at constant pressure until its volum...
 15.59GP: The burning of gasoline in a car releases about 3.0 × 104kcal/gal. ...
 15.3Q: In an isothermal process, 3700 J of work is done by an ideal gas. I...
 15.60GP: A Carnot engine has a lower operating temperature TL = 20°C and an ...
 15.4P: Sketch a PV diagram of the following process: 2.0 L of ideal gas at...
 15.61GP: Calculate the work done by an ideal gas in going from state A to st...
 15.18Q: Think up several processes (other than those already mentioned) tha...
 15.19P: What is the maximum efficiency of a heat engine whose operating tem...
 15.14P: How much energy would the person of Example 15–8 transform if inste...
 15.19Q: Suppose a lot of papers are strewn all over the floor; then you sta...
 15.14Q: Give three examples, other than those mentioned in this Chapter, of...
 15.44P: A real heat engine working between heat reservoirs at 970 K and 650...
 15.15P: Calculate the average metabolic rate of a person who sleeps 8.0 h, ...
 15.45P: Calculate the probabilities, when you throw two dice, of obtaining ...
 15.35P: What is the change in entropy of 250 g of steam at 100°C when it is...
 15.46P: (III) Rank the following fivecard hands in order of increasing pro...
 15.36P: (I) 1.0 kg of water is heated from 0°C to 100°C. Estimate the chang...
 15.37P: (I) What is the change in entropy of of water at 1.00 m3 0°C when i...
 15.65GP: An ideal gas is placed in a tall cylindrical jar of crosssectional...
 15.66GP: Metabolizing 1.0 kg of fat results in about 3.7*107 J of internal e...
 15.67GP: An ideal air conditioner keeps the temperature inside a room at 21°...
 15.6P: The pressure in an ideal gas is cut in half slowly, while being kep...
 15.6Q: Can mechanical energy ever be transformed completely into heat or i...
 15.7P: In an engine, an almost ideal gas is compressed adiabatically to ha...
 15.21Q: Entropy is often called “time’s arrow” because it tells us in which...
 15.22P: It is not necessary that a heat engine’s hot environment be hotter ...
 15.50P: Water is stored in an artificial lake created by a dam (Fig. 15–27)...
 15.22Q: Living organisms, as they grow, convert relatively simple food mole...
 15.51GP: An inventor claims to have designed and built an engine that produc...
 15.52GP: When 5.30 × 105 J of heat is added to a gas enclosed in a cylinder ...
 15.9P: One and onehalf moles of an ideal monatomic gas expand adiabatical...
 15.9Q: What plays the role of hightemperature and lowtemperature areas i...
 15.10P: Consider the following twostep process. Heat is allowed to flow ou...
 15.26P: A heat engine utilizes a heat source at 550°C and has an ideal (Car...
 15.27P: A heat engine exhausts its heat at 350°C and has a Carnot efficienc...
 15.28P: At a steam power plant, steam engines work in pairs, the output of ...
 15.56GP: Two 1100kg cars are traveling 95 km/h in opposite directions when ...
 15.1Q: What happens to the internal energy of water vapor in the air that ...
 15.57GP: A 120g insulated aluminum cup at 15°C is filled with 140 g of wate...
 15.2P: A gas is enclosed in a cylinder fitted with a light frictionless pi...
 15.58GP: (II) (a) What is the coefficient of performance of an ideal heat pu...
 15.2Q: Use the conservation of energy to explain why the temperature of a ...
 15.17P: A heat engine exhausts 8200 J of heat while performing 3200 J of us...
 15.17Q: You are asked to test a machine that the inventor calls an “inroom...
 15.18P: A heat engine does 9200 J of work per cycle while absorbing 22.0 kc...
 15.1P: An ideal gas expands isothermally, performing 3.40 × 103J of work i...
 15.41P: An aluminum rod conducts 7.50 cal/s from a heat source maintained a...
 15.15Q: Which do you think has the greater entropy, 1 kg of solid iron or 1...
 15.42P: 1.0 kg of water at 30°C is mixed with 1.0 kg of water at 60°C in a ...
 15.16P: A Person decides to lose weight by sleeping one hour less per day, ...
 15.43P: A 3.8kg piece of aluminum at 30°C is placed in 1.0 kg of water in ...
 15.16Q: (a) What happens if you remove the lid of a bottle containing chlor...
 15.39P: A 10.0kg box having an initial speed of 3.0 m/s slides along a rou...
 15.40P: (II) A falling rock has kinetic energy KE just before striking the ...
 15.38P: If 1.00 m3 of water at 0°C is frozen and cooled to –10°C by being i...
 15.68GP: A dehumidifier removes water vapor from air and has been referred t...
 15.12Q: A gas is allowed to expand (a) adiabatically and (b) isothermally. ...
 15.13P: In the process of taking a gas from state a to state c along the cu...
 15.13Q: A gas can expand to twice its original volume either adiabatically ...
 15.32P: A heat pump is used to keep a house warm at 22°C. How much work is ...
 15.33P: What volume of water at 0°C can a freezer make into ice cubes in 1....
 15.34P: An ideal (Carnot) engine has an efficiency of 35%. If it were possi...
 15.62GP: A 33% efficient power plant puts out 850 MW of electrical power. Co...
 15.5P: A 1.0L volume of air initially at 4.5 atm of (absolute) pressure i...
 15.63GP: Suppose a power plant delivers energy at 980 MW using steam turbine...
 15.4Q: Is it possible for the temperature of a system to remain constant e...
 15.64GP: A 100hp car engine operates at about 15% efficiency. Assume the en...
 15.5Q: Explain why the temperature of a gas increases when it is compresse...
 15.20P: The exhaust temperature of a heat engine is 230°C. What must be the...
 15.20Q: The first law of thermodynamics is sometimes whimsically stated as,...
 15.21P: A nuclear power plant operates at 75% of its maximum theoretical (C...
 15.47P: (II) Suppose that you repeatedly shake six coins in your hand and d...
 15.48P: Solar cells (Fig. 15–26) can produce about 40 W of electricity per ...
 15.49P: Energy may be stored for use during peak demand by pumping water to...
 15.7Q: Can you warm a kitchen in winter by leaving the oven door open? Can...
 15.1: 1. (I) An ideal gas expands isothermally, performing 3.40 x 101 2 J...
 15.2: 2. Use the conservation of energy to explain why the temperature of...
 15.3: 3. In an isothermal process. 3700 J of work is done by an ideal gas...
 15.4: 4. (I) Sketch a PV diagram of the following process: 2.0 L of ideal...
 15.5: 5. (II) A 1.0L volume of air initially at 4.5 atm of (absolute) pr...
 15.6: 6. (II) The pressure in an ideal gas is cut in half slowly, while b...
 15.7: 7. (II) In an engine, an almost ideal gas is compressed adiabatica...
 15.8: 8. (II) An ideal gas expands at a constant total pressure of 3.0 at...
 15.9: 9. (II) One and onehalf moles of an ideal monatomic gas expand adi...
 15.10: 10. (II) Consider the following twostep process. Heat is allowed t...
 15.11: 11. (II) The PV diagram in Fig. 1523 shows two possible states of ...
 15.12: 12. (Ill) When a gas is taken from a to c along the curved path in ...
 15.13: 13. (Ill) In the process of taking a gas from state a to state c al...
 15.14: 14. (I) How much energy would the person of Example 158 transform ...
 15.15: 15. (I) Calculate the average metabolic rate of a person who sleeps...
 15.16: 16. (II) A person decides to lose weight by sleeping one hour less ...
 15.17: 17. (I) A heat engine exhausts 8200J of heat while performing 3200 ...
 15.18: 18. (I) A heat engine does 9200 J of work per cycle while absorbing...
 15.19: 19. (I) What is the maximum efficiency of a heat engine whose opera...
 15.20: 20. (I) The exhaust temperature of a heat engine is 230G What must ...
 15.21: 21. (II) A nuclear power plant operates at 75% of its maximum theor...
 15.22: 22. (II) It is not necessary that a heat engine's hot environment b...
 15.23: 23. (II) A Carnot engine performs work at the rate of 440 kW while ...
 15.24: 24. (II) A Carnot engines operating temperatures are 2l0C and 45CC....
 15.25: 25. (II) A certain power plant puls out 550 MW of electric power. E...
 15.26: 26. (II) A heat engine utilizes a heat source at 550nC and has an i...
 15.27: 27. (II) A heat engine exhausts its heat at 350C and has a Carnot e...
 15.28: 28. (Ill) At a steam power plant, steam engines work in pairs, the ...
 15.29: 29. (I) The low temperature of a freezer cooling coil is 15C, and ...
 15.30: 30. (II) An ideal refrigeratorfreezer operates with a COP = 7.0 in...
 15.31: 31. (II) A restaurant refrigerator has a coefficient of performance...
 15.32: 32. (II) A heat pump is used to keep a house warm at 22CC. How much...
 15.33: 33. (II) What volume of water at 0C can a freezer make into ice cub...
 15.34: 34. (II) An ideal (Carnot) engine has an efficiency of 35%. If it w...
 15.35: 35. (I) What is the change in entropy of 250 g of steam at 100C whe...
 15.36: 36. (I) One kilogram of water is heated from 0C to 100C. Estimate t...
 15.37: 37. (I) What is the change in entropy of 1.00 m3 of water at 0C whe...
 15.38: 38. (II) If 1.00 m3 of water at 0C is frozen and cooled to 10C by b...
 15.39: 39. (II) A 10.0kg box having an initial speed of 3.0 m/s slides al...
 15.40: 40. (II) A falling rock has kinetic energy ke just before striking ...
 15.41: 41. (II) An aluminum rod conducts 7.50 cal/s from a heat source mai...
 15.42: 42. (II) 1.0 kg of water at 30CC is mixed with 1.0 kg of water at 6...
 15.43: 43. (II) A 3.8kg piece of aluminum at 30"C is placed in 1.0 kg of ...
 15.44: 44. (Ill) A real heat engine working between heat reservoirs at 970...
 15.45: 45. (II) Calculate the probabilities, when you throw two dice, of o...
 15.46: 46. (II) Rank the following fivecard hands in order of increasing ...
 15.47: 47. (II) Suppose that you repeatedly shake six coins in your hand a...
 15.48: 48. (I) Solar cells (Fig. 1526) can produce about 40 W of electric...
 15.49: 49. (II) Energy may be stored for use during peak demand by pumping...
 15.50: 50. (II) Water is stored in an artificial lake created by a dam (Fi...
 15.51: 51. An inventor claims to have designed and built an engine that pr...
 15.52: 52. When 5.30 x 105 J of heat is added to a gas enclosed in a cylin...
 15.53: 53. A 4cylinder gasoline engine has an efficiency of 0.25 and deli...
 15.54: 54. A Carnot* refrigerator (the reverse of a Carnot engine) absorbs...
 15.55: 55. It has been suggested that a heat engine could be developed tha...
 15.56: 56. Two 1100kg cars are traveling 95 km/h in opposite directions w...
 15.57: 57. A 120g insulated aluminum cup at 15C is filled with 140 g of w...
 15.58: 58. (d) What is the coefficient of performance of an ideal heat pum...
 15.59: 59. The burning of gasoline in a car releases about 3.0 X 104 kcal/...
 15.60: 60. A Carnot engine has a lower operating temperature Tl = 20C and ...
 15.61: 61. Calculate the work done by an ideal gas in going from state A t...
 15.62: 62. A 33%; efficient power plant puts out 850 MW of electrical powe...
 15.63: 63. Suppose a power plant delivers energy at 980 MW using steam tur...
 15.64: 64. A 100hp car engine operates at about 15% efficiency. Assume th...
 15.65: 65. An ideal gas is placed in a tall cylindrical jar of crosssecti...
 15.66: 66. Metabolizing 1.0 kg of fat results in about 3.7 X 107J of inter...
 15.67: 67. An ideal air conditioner keeps the temperature inside a room at...
 15.68: 68. A dehumidifier is essentially a refrigerator with an open door....
Solutions for Chapter 15: Physics: Principles with Applications 6th Edition
Full solutions for Physics: Principles with Applications  6th Edition
ISBN: 9780321569837
Solutions for Chapter 15
Get Full SolutionsChapter 15 includes 157 full stepbystep solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Physics: Principles with Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321569837. Since 157 problems in chapter 15 have been answered, more than 228485 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics: Principles with Applications, edition: 6.

//
parallel

any symbol
average (indicated by a bar over a symbol—e.g., v¯ is average velocity)

°C
Celsius degree

°F
Fahrenheit degree