- 22.22.1: How did Huttons and Lyells ideas influence Darwins thinking about e...
- 22.22.2: In Concept 1.3 (pp. 1920), you read that scientific hypotheses must...
- 22.22.3: Why was the age of Earth important for Darwins ideas about evolution?
- 22.22.4: How does the concept of descent with modification explain both the ...
- 22.22.5: If you discovered a fossil of an extinct mammal that lived high in ...
- 22.22.6: Review Figures 14.4 and 14.6 (pp. 265 and 267) on the relationship ...
- 22.22.7: Describe how overreproduction and heritable variation relate to evo...
- 22.22.8: Explain how the following statement is inaccurate: Antibiotics have...
- 22.22.9: How does evolution account for (a) the similar mammalian forelimbs ...
- 22.22.10: The fossil record shows that dinosaurs originated 200250 million ye...
- 22.22.11: Summarize the different lines of evidence supporting the hypothesis...
- 22.22.12: Which of the following is not an observation or inference on which ...
- 22.22.13: Which of the following observations helped Darwin shape his concept...
- 22.22.14: Within six months of effectively using methicillin to treat S. aure...
- 22.22.15: The upper forelimbs of humans and bats have fairly similar skeletal...
- 22.22.16: DNA sequences in many human genes are very similar to the sequences...
- 22.22.17: Explain why anatomical and molecular features often fit a similar n...
- 22.22.18: Mosquitoes resistant to the pesticide DDT first appeared in India i...
- 22.22.19: Write a short essay (about 100150 words) evaluating whether changes...
Solutions for Chapter 22: Biology
Full solutions for Campbell Biology | 9th Edition
Air with a lapse rate less than the wet adiabatic rate.
Active continental margin
Usually narrow and consisting of highly deformed sediments. They occur where oceanic lithosphere is being subducted beneath the margin of a continent.
Horizontal convective motion, such as wind.
A sandbar that completely crosses a bay, sealing it off from the open ocean.
The first layer of the solar atmosphere found directly above the photosphere.
A linear zone along which continental lithosphere stretches and pulls apart. Its creation may mark the beginning of a new ocean basin.
Located beneath the mantle, it is the innermost layer of Earth. The core is divided into an outer core and an inner core.
A region where the rigid plates are moving apart, typified by the midoceanic ridges.
See H-R diagram.
Humid subtropical climate
A climate generally located on the eastern side of a continent and characterized by hot, sultry summers and cool winters.
A mass of hotter-than-normal mantle material that ascends toward the surface, where it may lead to igneous activity. These plumes of solid yet mobile material may originate as deep as the core–mantle boundary.
A very coarse-grained igneous rock (typically granite) commonly found as a dike associated with a large mass of plutonic rock that has smaller crystals. Crystallization in a waterrich environment is believed to be responsible for the very large crystals.
A variable radio source of small size that emits radio pulses in very regular periods.
A part of a stream channel in which the water suddenly begins flowing more swiftly and turbulently because of an abrupt steepening of the gradient.
The zone between 104 and 143 degrees distance from an earthquake epicenter in which direct waves do not arrive because of refraction by Earth’s core.
The relative proportions of clay, silt, and sand in a soil. Texture strongly influences the soil’s ability to retain and transmit water and air.
Igneous rocks composed mainly of iron and magnesium-rich minerals.
The daily upslope winds commonly encountered in a mountain valley.
adiabatic rate The rate of adiabatic temperature change in saturated air. The rate of temperature change is variable, but it is always less than the dry adiabatic rate.