- 1.1: 1. The equator divides Earth into which two halves?A. northern and ...
- 1.2: Which type of view is shown?A. cross sectionB. profile viewC. map v...
- 1.3: What is the correct location of city A?A. 34N, 118WB. 34W, 118NC. 1...
- 1.4: What is the benefit of a profile view?A. It shows the vertical shap...
- 1.5: Which defines the difference in elevationbetween contour lines?A. b...
- 1.6: Which indicates a certain body of rock of aspecific age?A. rock str...
- 1.7: What do colors represent on geologic maps?A. actual rock colorsB. p...
- 1.8: Rock formations that are broken up and movedmeet at which location?...
- 1.9: An illustration of a geologic cross section isshown below. What doe...
- 1.10: Explain why degrees of latitude and longitudeare subdivided into sm...
- 1.11: Infer why lines of longitude on a globe getcloser together toward t...
- 1.12: Describe in your own words the scale shownbelow.
- 1.13: Describe how an index contour would beillustrated on a USGS topogra...
- 1.14: Evaluate the benefit of adding contour lines togeologic maps
- 1.15: Assess the wisdom of the following scenario: Ageologist is mapping ...
- 1.16: Write a newspaper article describing the discoveryof a set of maps ...
- 1.17: Use the illustration below to answer questions17 through 22. Calcul...
- 1.18: Calculate how many meters of bike trailswould be represented by 5 c...
- 1.19: Calculate how many centimeters on the mapwould represent 480 m of b...
- 1.20: Calculate a ratio from the map key that showshow many kilometers of...
- 1.21: Calculate how many kilometers of bike trailswould be represented by...
- 1.22: Calculate how many centimeters on the mapwould represent 0.6 km of ...
Solutions for Chapter 1: Mapping Earths Surface
Full solutions for Focus on Physical Science: Grade 8, California | 1st Edition
A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. This zone of weak material exists below a depth of about 100 kilometers and in some regions extends as deep as 700 kilometers. The rock within this zone is easily deformed.
A final state of evolution for a star, in which all of its energy sources are exhausted and it no longer emits radiation.
That portion of a stream’s load carried in solution.
A hill or ridge of wind-deposited sand.
Solid particles that serve as cores for the formation of ice crystals.
A wind, usually above a height of 600 meters (2,000 feet), that blows parallel to the isobars.
The water portion of our planet; one of the traditional subdivisions of Earth’s physical environment.
Mudflows on the slopes of volcanoes that result when unstable layers of ash and debris become saturated and flow downslope, usually following stream channels.
A lunar rock formed when angular fragments and dust are welded together by the heat generated by the impact of a meteoroid.
The physical disintegration of rock, resulting in smaller fragments.
Relatively small fragments of continental crust that may lie above sea level, such as the island of Madagascar, or be submerged, as exemplified by the Campbell Plateau located near New Zealand.
The escape of gases that had been dissolved in magma.
Algal plankton, which are the most important community of primary producers in the ocean.
Positive feedback mechanism
A feedback mechanism that enhances or drives change.
A wind that consistently blows from one direction more than from another.
A variable radio source of small size that emits radio pulses in very regular periods.
A highly heated mixture, largely of ash and pumice fragments, traveling down the flanks of a volcano or along the surface of the ground.
A strong narrow surface or nearsurface current of short duration and high speed flowing seaward through the breaker zone at nearly right angles to the shore. It represents the return to the ocean of water that has been piled up on the shore by incoming waves.
The ratio of a substance’s weight to the weight of an equal volume of water.
Describes a mineral’s toughness or its resistance to breaking or deforming.