- Chapter 1.1: Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions
- Chapter 1.2: Recognizing Arguments
- Chapter 1.3: Deduction and Induction
- Chapter 1.4: Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency
- Chapter 1.5: Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity
- Chapter 1.6: Extended Arguments
- Chapter 10: Causality and Mills Methods
- Chapter 11: Probability
- Chapter 12: Statistical Reasoning
- Chapter 13: Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning
- Chapter 14: Science and Superstition
- Chapter 2.1: Varieties of Meaning
- Chapter 2.2: The Intension and Extension of Terms
- Chapter 2.3: Definitions and Their Purposes
- Chapter 2.4: Definitional Techniques
- Chapter 2.5: Criteria for Lexical Definitions
- Chapter 3.1: Fallacies in General
- Chapter 3.2: Fallacies of Relevance
- Chapter 3.3: Fallacies of Weak Induction
- Chapter 3.4: Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Illicit Transference
- Chapter 3.5: Fallacies in Ordinary Language
- Chapter 4.1: The Components of Categorical Propositions
- Chapter 4.2: Quality, Quantity, and Distribution
- Chapter 4.3: Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition
- Chapter 4.4: Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition
- Chapter 4.5: The Traditional Square of Opposition
- Chapter 4.6: Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint
- Chapter 4.7: Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form
- Chapter 5.1: Standard Form, Mood, and Figure
- Chapter 5.2: Venn Diagrams
- Chapter 5.3: Rules and Fallacies
- Chapter 5.4: Reducing the Number of Terms
- Chapter 5.5: Ordinary Language Arguments
- Chapter 5.6: Enthymemes
- Chapter 5.7: Sorites
- Chapter 6.1: Symbols and Translation
- Chapter 6.2: Truth Functions
- Chapter 6.3: Truth Tables for Propositions
- Chapter 6.4: Truth Tables for Arguments
- Chapter 6.5: Indirect Truth Tables
- Chapter 6.6: Argument Forms and Fallacies
- Chapter 7.1: Rules of Implication I
- Chapter 7.2: Rules of Implication II
- Chapter 7.3: Rules of Replacement I
- Chapter 7.4: Rules of Replacement II
- Chapter 7.5: Conditional Proof
- Chapter 7.6: Indirect Proof
- Chapter 7.7: Proving Logical Truths
- Chapter 8.1: Symbols and Translation
- Chapter 8.2: Using the Rules of Inference
- Chapter 8.3: Quantifier Negation Rule
- Chapter 8.4: Conditional and Indirect Proof
- Chapter 8.5: Proving Invalidity
- Chapter 8.6: Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers
- Chapter 8.7: Identity
- Chapter 9: Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning
A Concise Introduction to Logic 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for A Concise Introduction to Logic | 12th Edition
Altitude (of the Sun)
The angle of the Sun above the horizon.
Chemical sedimentary rock
Sedimentary rock consisting of material that was precipitated from water by either inorganic or organic means.
An igneous rock texture in which the crystals are roughly equal in size and large enough so that individual minerals can be identified with the unaided eye.
The coast’s seaward edge. The landward limit of the effect of the highest storm waves on the shore.
The area of active erosion on the outside of a meander.
A vent in a volcanic area from which fumes or gases escape.
Natural steam used for power generation.
The transmission of shortwave solar radiation by the atmosphere, coupled with the selective absorption of longer-wavelength terrestrial radiation, especially by water vapor and carbon dioxide.
A complex zone of ionized gases that coincides with the lower portion of the thermosphere.
Mixed tidal pattern
A tidal pattern exhibiting two high tides and two low tides per tidal day with a large inequality in high water heights, low water heights, or both. Coastal locations that experience such a tidal pattern may also show alternating periods of diurnal and semidiurnal tidal patterns. Also called mixed semidiurnal.
One in which both matter and energy flow into and out of the system. Most natural systems are of this type.
The maximum quantity of water vapor that the air can hold at any given temperature and pressure.
A local wind blowing from the sea during the afternoon in coastal areas.
The steep, leeward slope of a sand dune; it maintains an angle of about 34 degrees.
The process of thrusting oceanic lithosphere into the mantle along a convergent boundary.
A large landmass that contains all, or nearly all, of the existing continents.
Seismic waves that travel along the outer layer of Earth.
A form of limestone that is deposited by hot springs or as a cave deposit.
A surface that represents a break in the rock record, caused by erosion or nondeposition.
A tributary that flows parallel to the main stream because a natural levee is present.